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WWI - Other Nationalities
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World War, 1914-1918 trench map and aerial photograph collection

  • RC0306
  • Colección
  • 1914-1918

The collection consists of trench maps and aerial photographs created during the First World War. The majority of the maps were created by the British Ordnance Survey for the Allied forces, although a few German, French and other maps purchased privately by officers exist within the collection. As the collection is almost exclusively made up of British mapping, coverage is limited to the British sector of the Western Front extending from the English Channel in the north to the vicinity of Reims in the south.

The aerial photographs were produced by the [British] Royal Flying Corps (renamed Royal Air Force when it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service in 1918). However, a few French and German examples exist within the collection. Approximately 350 photographs in the collection have hand annotations ranging from simple circles indicating the location of important features on the recto to full, textual descriptions on the verso. Approximately 90 additional photographs are mounted in an Album acquired from the University of Alberta.

Robert Whyte fonds

  • RC0307
  • Fondo
  • 1914-1925

The fonds consists of the letters he wrote to his wife during the conflict as well as draft chapters and correspondence on the Regimental history.

Whyte, Robert

John Innes Merrylees fonds

  • RC0464
  • Fondo
  • 1914-1919

Fonds consists of a diary kept by Merrylees from 1914-1918. From 1914-1916 it exists in typescript form only. From January 1917 to November 1917 his diary exists in manuscript and typescript form. Diary entries from March to June 1918 are handwritten on loose sheets. The date that the typescript was created is not known. The fonds also consists of orders issued by the adjutant, Captain Colin Dunean, Queen's Regiment, and Merrylees's correspondence with the adjutant, 1918; maps, predominately of Europe but also one of Gaza; Merrylees's commission certificate, and various printed materials and realia, including his Middlesex regiment insignia.

Merrylees, John Innes

Julian Gould fonds

  • RC0467
  • Fondo
  • 1865-1932

The fonds consists of 24 letters from Gould to his parents, 1915-1917, fifteen pencil sketches of scenes behind the British lines and a self-portrait, drawings and watercolours of landscapes (including juvenilia), Parisian architecture (1910), and nature studies, b&w photographs, news clippings, maps, letters of condolence, letters about the book Memorial and a letter concerning the Arras memorial in 1932, mostly bound in an album. There are annotations throughout by Frederick J. Gould. There are also a memorial card and letter of condolence with regard to Gould's sister who died at age six in 1893 and a photograph of St. George's Chapel Choir, Windsor, in 1865 (Frederick J. Gould was a member). A photocopy of a Memorial Notice of Julian Gould was acquired in November 2007.

Gould, Julian

Sir John William McNee fonds

  • RC0471
  • Fondo
  • 1915-1928

The fonds (25-1993) consists of McNee's notes, entitled "Gas Cases" contained in a notebook with the printed title "Army Book 136." The notes are in pencil, 21 pages in length, and cover the period May to July 1917. Also in the fonds are reports of the Chemical Warfare Medical Committee, reports of the Special Investigation Committee on Surgical Shock and Allied Conditions, offprints and pamphlets.

McNee, John William

Otto and Ada Hartmann fonds

  • RC0489
  • Fondo
  • 1915-1917

The fonds consists of 26 letters, dated between March and October 1915 and five postal receipts. It has been arranged in chronological order, the letters in folders numbered 1-26 and the receipts in a separate folder. Four of the letters were sent by Ada Hartmann to her husband, the remainder being sent by Otto to her. His letters reflect various experiences in the war, with many references to his company's movements and activities, to the transportation and work duties of the prisoners, and to the ranks, salaries, uniforms and weapons of the Prussian Army. He also touched on non-military topics, including singing, cigars, and other social matters. Among the people named in his letters were: battalion commander Major [Flienitz?]; Oberstleutnant Kuntzel; Vizefeldwebel Vick; Victor Ansaux, a prisoner at Münster; and the family of Paul Voss. Most often comprising only one folded page, his letters were sent by Feldpost, the postal service of the German Army. The letters from Ada, which were typically longer, often concerned various household purchases, payments into the Militärdienst-Versicherung (military service insurance – see receipts below), and such events as a trip with the children to Hagenbeck Zoo. Both wrote in the Spitzschrift or Kurrentschrift form of handwriting typical of the day, though Ada's writing was more flourished and regular than Otto's. Due to water damage and poor paper quality, the letters and envelopes are extremely brittle and are in places very difficult or impossible to decipher.
Note: Although encapsulated, the letters are still extremely fragile and easily damaged. Researchers are asked to use the photocopies provided wherever possible to avoid further damage.

The five Posteinlieferungsscheinen [postal receipts], are postmarked in Minden and presumably obtained by Ada Hartmann. Each consists of a printed form filled out in ink. Three blue-green receipts were issued for small deposits made in 1916 and 1917 to an account with the Deutsche Militärdienst-Versicherung of the Hanover branch of Berlinische Lebens-Versicherungs-Gesellschaft (Berlin Life Insurance Company). The remaining two receipts were issued for larger amounts sent by postal order in the same period to Gotthard Luch in Homberg an der Ohm, Oberhessen (Upper Hesse).

Hartmann, Otto

John Shelley fonds

  • RC0490
  • Fondo
  • 1865-1937

The fonds contains correspondence, photographs, printed materials, technical notebook and plan, and other materials.

Shelley, John

Betty M. B. Houghton fonds

  • RC0555
  • Fondo
  • 1914-1915.

The fonds consists of two albums containing short accounts by soldiers at the hospital of their war-time experiences, as well as poems and addresses.

Houghton, Betty M. B.

Jackson family fonds

  • RC0623
  • Fondo
  • 1919-1945

The fonds consists of the elder Jackson’s demobilization certificate, his son’s Soldier’s Service and Pay Book and a Services Diary kept by the younger Jackson in 1942. The diary also contains a sheet of Indian Postage service stamps. There is also a map drawn by hand of the voyage Jackson took beginning on HMT Orion and ending in Bombay on HMT Almanzora.

Jackson family

Maintenance Log Book for M-Class Destroyers in the British Royal Navy

  • RC0855
  • Unidad documental simple
  • 1917

Bound log book titled “Information concerning P.V. Gear in 13th Flotilla”. There is an index of the 26 ships listed in the log: Medway, Moresby, Narborough, Nepean, Nictator, Nereus, Norseman, Obdurate, Octavia, Oracle, Onslow, Oriana, Orpheus, Oriole, Orsis, Oberon, Pelican, Paladin, Penn, Petard, Pigeon, Paisley, Pylades (all Admiralty M-Class); Nerissa and Rival (Yarrow M-Class) and Patrician (Thornycroft M-Class). Following the index, beginning on page 100 are entries about each ship. Paravanes (P.V.) are devices towed behind a vessel at a regulated depth, so that the cable to which it is attached can cut the moorings of submerged mines. It was a new weapon in World War I. In addition to information about the paravanes, the log also contains maintenance and circuit test notes. Two of the destroyers, Oracle (p. 149) and Pasley (p. 169) had collisions with submarines.

C. K. Ogden fonds

  • RC0060
  • Fondo
  • [ca. 1910]-[ca. 1976]

The fonds consists of seven accruals which have been combined. The first two accruals are arranged into 15 series consisting of incoming correspondence, outgoing correspondence, Cambridge Magazine correspondence and related material, Heretics correspondence and related material, Orthological Institute and Basic English Foundation correspondence and financial material, other Basic English material, manuscripts, diaries and notebooks, articles and publications relating to Ogden and Basic English, photographic and family material, publications received, notes and catalogues relating to Ogden's book and stamp collection, pictorial material and gramophone records, Cambridge Magazine issues and Psyche photocopies.

The third accrual (01-1993) consists of two letters from Siegfried Sassoon. The fourth accrual (12-1993) consists of two groups of letters relating to the Heretics Society and the Cambridge Magazine. The fifth accrual (22-1993)consists of Ogden's letters to Valerie Winslow. The sixth (05-1994) accrual consists of financial ledgers concerning the sales of Basic English publications. The seventh accrual (08-1997) consists of a post card from Ivy Litvinoff and a book. These accruals have been interfiled with the first two accruals.

Ogden, C. K. (Charles Kay)

Adrian Grant Duff fonds

  • RC0197
  • Fondo
  • 1883-1987

The fonds consists of original materials (and many holograph copies) created by Adrian Grant Duff and others, as well as research notes and extracts /of original materials created by his daughter, Shiela.

Grant Duff, Adrian

Russell Markland fonds

  • RC0465
  • Fondo
  • 1915-1919

The fonds consists of the book, correspondence concerning the publication of the book and the contract between Markland and the publisher, Erskine Macdonald. The correspondence consists of letters to and from Markland and several of the contributors to the anthology, letters to and from Markland to various newspapers and publishers seeking permission to reprint poems, a letter from the Oxford University Press turning down the anthology, and letters to and from the publisher of the anthology, Erksine MacDonald. There is also some correspondence between Markland and others about Erksine Macdonald after the publication of the book

Markland, Russell

Lloyd's Register War Record fonds

  • RC0466
  • Fondo
  • 1914-1919

The fonds consists of shipping statistics and intelligence comprising reports, lists, letters, cablegrams and other documents.

Lloyd's Register

Military vehicles report

  • RC0488
  • Unidad documental simple
  • 1919

Report, prepared by a Lieutenant Colonel of the Royal Army Service Corps stationed in Baghdad, describing the performance and maintenance record of military vehicles in Mesopotamia and Persia. It is dated 20 March 1919 and was sent to A.D.T, M.T, at General Headquarters. It contains a complete and detailed report on the work of this depot from 2 March 1918 to 31 January 1919.Carbon typescript, unsigned, 80 pages, plus tabulated lists, drawings, etc., pp. 81-108, followed by drawings, numbered 1-24, of automotive parts and shops.

C.T. Atkinson fonds

  • RC0560
  • Fondo
  • 1926-1930

The fonds consists six letters to C.T. Atkinson, 1926-1930, regarding the publication of his book. There is one page of holograph notes, perhaps by a reviewer, news clippings of book reviews, and a publisher's circular for 1926 which does not list Atkinson's book. There are also two post cards.

Atkinson, Christopher Thomas

Jane Abbott fonds

  • RC0584
  • Fondo
  • 1914

The fonds consists of Jane Abbott’s diary, dated 15 May 1914, to 17 September 1914. The diary is an account of the Abbotts’ visit to Europe, primarily Vienna. The highlights of the diary are the June 28 entry relating to the assassinations and the July 2 entry in which Abbott describes witnessing the return of the bodies to Vienna. The diary also details the Abbotts’ social life in Europe, including their interactions with other American visitors such as Dr. Russell M. Wilder and his wife. The fonds includes 7 documents that were found inside the diary. One of these documents is a letter, dated 26 April 1914, written by Jane Abbott while en route to Europe aboard the TSS Kaiser Franz Joseph I, and addressed to Ruth Abbott of Chicago, likely the sister of Dr. Abbott.

Abbott, Jane

Pelham Webb collection

  • RC0682
  • Colección
  • 1914

The fonds contains poem manuscripts and a single letter. The identity of Mrs. Russell, to whom the single letter in this collection was written and for whom the poems, addressed to "Lydia", were presumably composed, is unknown.

Webb, Arthur Pelham

World War, 1914-1918 poster collection

  • RC0830
  • Colección
  • 1913-1921

The collection consists of posters issued by the following British organizations: Parliamentary Recruiting Committee, London; Parliamentary War Savings Committee; National War Savings Committee; Joint Labour Recruiting Committee; Ministry of National Service; Navy; Imperial Maritime League; City of London; and Blue Cross fund. The collection also contains posters issued by the governments of Canada (includes Canadian Victory Bonds), France, United States and Germany. There are a large number of posters from Louvain, Belgium. There are also several posters issued by the German occupying forces in France and Belgium and the British occupying forces in Germany.

Paper soldiers and battle scenes collection

  • RC0899
  • Colección
  • c.1890-c.1925

Paper soldiers were a popular children’s entertainment or decoration beginning in the 1700s, rising to a height of popularity in the mid-19th century, before all but dying out after the Second World War. This small collection typifies the range of materials on offer from the late 1800s into the post First World War period from German printers (two of the companies were in Germany, the third was in the Alsace region, which at the time was under the rule of the German Kaiser). Some are printed on heavy card (soldaten auf karton, eg. item 1) while others on thin newsprint. There are examples of a number of styles, including simple cut-outs, others that could be glued together to create three-dimensional landscapes and objects, as well as black and white images for children to colour (eg. item 13). There is also one example of the scheibenbilder (target picture) style (item 16). German is always the first language on the sheets, but many included French and English, and some Italian and Spanish, showing the world-wide market for the material.

The Carl Joseph Scholz company of Mainz (founded 1793 and still in existence as of 2015) has a long history in both the printing industry and paper soldier manufacture. At one point their distribution of toy soldiers went as far East as Russian, and west to Great Britain and North America. The company stayed in the Scholz family at least until the Second World War.

Hohenstein & Lange operated in Berlin from 1876-1906. In 1898 the company became a joint-stock company and the inclusion of Druck und Verlag, Aktiengesellschaft Berliner Luzuspapier-fabrik vorm Hohenstein & Lang on item 11, date it to this later period.

There have been many iterations of Carl Burckardt’s original company, but they all maintained a variation of the name. The paper soldiers in this collection are all printed under the Druck u. Verlag v. C. Burckardt Nacht in Weissenburg (Elsass) imprint, which existed from 1890-1906.

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