Collection RC0899 - Paper soldiers and battle scenes collection

Zone du titre et de la mention de responsabilité

Titre propre

Paper soldiers and battle scenes collection

Dénomination générale des documents

Titre parallèle

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Niveau de description




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Mention d'échelle (cartographique)

Mention de projection (cartographique)

Mention des coordonnées (cartographiques)

Mention d'échelle (architecturale)

Juridiction responsable et dénomination (philatélique)

Zone des dates de production


  • c.1890-c.1925 (Production)

Zone de description matérielle

Description matérielle

16 printed sheets of graphical images

Zone de la collection

Titre propre de la collection

Titres parallèles de la collection

Compléments du titre de la collection

Mention de responsabilité relative à la collection

Numérotation à l'intérieur de la collection

Note sur la collection

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Historique de la conservation

Portée et contenu

Paper soldiers were a popular children’s entertainment or decoration beginning in the 1700s, rising to a height of popularity in the mid-19th century, before all but dying out after the Second World War. This small collection typifies the range of materials on offer from the late 1800s into the post First World War period from German printers (two of the companies were in Germany, the third was in the Alsace region, which at the time was under the rule of the German Kaiser). Some are printed on heavy card (soldaten auf karton, eg. item 1) while others on thin newsprint. There are examples of a number of styles, including simple cut-outs, others that could be glued together to create three-dimensional landscapes and objects, as well as black and white images for children to colour (eg. item 13). There is also one example of the scheibenbilder (target picture) style (item 16). German is always the first language on the sheets, but many included French and English, and some Italian and Spanish, showing the world-wide market for the material.

The Carl Joseph Scholz company of Mainz (founded 1793 and still in existence as of 2015) has a long history in both the printing industry and paper soldier manufacture. At one point their distribution of toy soldiers went as far East as Russian, and west to Great Britain and North America. The company stayed in the Scholz family at least until the Second World War.

Hohenstein & Lange operated in Berlin from 1876-1906. In 1898 the company became a joint-stock company and the inclusion of Druck und Verlag, Aktiengesellschaft Berliner Luzuspapier-fabrik vorm Hohenstein & Lang on item 11, date it to this later period.

There have been many iterations of Carl Burckardt’s original company, but they all maintained a variation of the name. The paper soldiers in this collection are all printed under the Druck u. Verlag v. C. Burckardt Nacht in Weissenburg (Elsass) imprint, which existed from 1890-1906.

Zone des notes

État de conservation

Source immédiate d'acquisition

The collection was donated by Edward Sternin (2015-036) in August 2015.


The collection is arranged by company and chronologically within that.

Langue des documents

Écriture des documents

Localisation des originaux

Disponibilité d'autres formats

Restrictions d'accès

There are no access restrictions.

Délais d'utilisation, de reproduction et de publication

Instruments de recherche

Box G045
Scholz, Mainz

  1. Germany Army Artillery Regiment. No. 425. [c. 1914]
  2. Germany Army (Nr. 1K). Two copies. [c. 1925]
  3. Astro-Hungarian Army. (Nr. 4K). [c. 1925]
  4. Bulgarian Army (Nr. 8K). [c. 1925]
  5. Russian Army. (Nr. 13K). [c. 1925]
  6. Italian Army. (Nr. 14K). [c. 1925]
  7. On the Battlefield. Sheet 1. No. 434. [c. 1925]
  8. On the Battlefield. Sheet 3. No. 436. [c. 1925]
  9. “Panorama of a Battle.” Kleiner Baumeister No. 93. The little Modelmaker. Two copies.

Hohenstein & Lange, Berlin

  1. Gun with covering. No. 195. Geschütz mit Bespannung. Sheet 1. [c. 1890.]
  2. Soldiers marching and cavalry. Geschütz mit Bespannung. Sheet 2 and 3. [c. 1898.]
  3. Calvary and horses. Geschütz mit Bespannung. Sheet 4 and 5. [c. 1898.]

Druck u. Verlag v. C. Burckardt Nacht, Weissenburg

  1. Germany Army. Prussian Infantry. Imagery to colour. No. 294. [c. 1900.]
  2. Prussian army. Husars [sic]. No. 295. [c. 1900.]
  3. Groups of soldiers. Imagery to colour. No. 513. [c. 1900.]
  4. The Zebra. No. 1058. [c. 1900.]

Éléments associés

Éléments associés


Identifiant(s) alternatif(s)

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Numéro normalisé


Mots-clés - Lieux

Mots-clés - Noms

Mots-clés - Genre

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Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

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<a href="">Joseph Scholz in Mainz</a>

<a href="">Hohenstein & Lange</a>

<a href="">Carl Burckardt Druck und Verlag</a>

Ryan, Edward. <a href=""><i>Paper Soldiers: The Illustrated History of Printed Paper Armies of the 18th, 19th & 20th centuries</i></a>. Gold Age Editions/New Cavendish Books: London, 1995.

Zone des entrées