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Archivistische beschrijving
Reeks
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BRPF: General political correspondence

Series consists of correspondence with individuals known and unknown to Russell as well as with various campaigns with aims similar to those of the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation. Correspondents include Cyrus Eaton, an American businessman and philanthropist who was a sponsor of the Pugwash Conferences, as well as organizations such as the Committee on Science and Freedom, the British Peace Committee, the British "Who Killed Kennedy?" Committee, etc. Also accompanying some letters are printed materials, such as news clippings, flyers, circular letters, off prints, newsletters, etc. Letters from Russell and his staff are typescript copies.

The series was acquired with Archives 2, the print finding aid for which states: “The chief criteria used in forming this [series] were the independence of the correspondents from governmental bodies, and their independence from the specific campaign organizations with which Russell was involved. Russell’s messages to demonstrations are often included in the contents."

BRPF: Branch offices

Series consists largely of correspondence with BRPF's international branches and also contains specific files pertaining to conference preparation, drafts of bulletins, and correspondence with branch directors and advisers. Includes typescript copies of Russell's and his staff's outgoing correspondence.

The series was acquired with Archives 2, the print finding aid for which states: “There are ... files dealing specifically with conferences sponsored, the Foundation’s directors and advisers, its executive officers (Christopher Farley and Ralph Schoenman), and efforts to win the Nobel Peace Prize for Russell. In one file (London School of Economics meeting, 1965) there is a reading text in Edith Russell’s hand of Russell’s speech entitled “The Labour Party’s Foreign Policy”. In another there is the Foundation Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 1 (February 1960), with various pre-publication versions. The contents of the files are listed [in the print finding aid] on the basis of the first appearance of a given correspondent in a given file."

IWCT: Refusals

Series consists of correspondence with individuals who were invited to serve on the International War Crimes Tribunal, but refused to do so. Letters from Russell and his staff are typescript copies.

The series was acquired with Archives 2, the print finding aid for which states: “The success of the Tribunal depended partly on the personages who would agree to serve on it. Of particular interest are the reasons given by those [included in this series] for declining to serve. Many supported the purpose of the Tribunal but considered themselves too partisan to be of use."

IWCT: Investigation teams and witnesses

Series consists of correspondence with individuals who served on the International War Crimes Tribunal's investigation teams in South East Asia regarding conditions in Vietnam, trip planning, and finances relating to the investigations. Also includes reports, statements, and articles about the investigations' findings. Letters from Russell and his staff are typescript copies.

The series was acquired with Archives 2, the print finding aid for which states: “These files are of great importance for their first-hand reports of conditions in Vietnam. Many were never published. The background correspondence demonstrates the difficulties of preparing the major investigative effort which was the Tribunal."

IWCT: French office

Series consists of correspondence relating to the creation of the French office and to the first and second sessions of the International War Crimes Tribunal as well as reports, member lists, and pamphlets. Letters from Russell and his staff are typescript copies.

The series was acquired with Archives 2, the print finding aid for which states: “The French office and the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation experienced difficulties in cooperating in the multi-national Tribunal. Letters, memos, and notes in this single file record some of the difficulties - as well as the achievements."

BRPF: Vietnam solidarity campaign

The series was acquired with Archives 2, the print finding aid for which states: “The Vietnam Solidarity Campaign was formed about June 1966. The Peace Foundation was a leading sponsor. These files--arranged in chronological order--trace the history of the Campaign's activities and its relationships with similar organizations in Britain (such as the Vietnam Ad Hoc Committee). The files are particularly useful for their copies of minutes, articles, pamphlets, form letters, Member's Bulletin, and other forms of propagating the views of the VSC."

Includes correspondence, photocopies and typescript copies of agendas and minutes, circulars and form letters, drafts of press statements, several pamphlets and leaflets, a number of issues of the Vietnam Solidarity Bulletin (June 1966-Nov 1966), and news clippings. Letters from Russell and his staff are typescript copies; includes several photocopies of received letters.

BRPF: British Council for Peace in Vietnam

The series was acquired with Archives 2, the print finding aid for which states: “The BCPV campaigned more for a negotiated settlement in the Vietnam War than for outright victory on behalf of the National Liberation Front. A chief correspondent for the BCPV was Fenner, Lord Brockway, who, with Russell, had opposed the First World War. He and Russell had some sharp disagreements over policy.” The finding aid also lists the names Amicia M. Young, Dick Nettleton, and Barbara Haq.

Includes circulars inviting involvement in the council, event adverts, a bulletin, and correspondence between Russell and other BRPF members regarding the possible collaboration of the BRPF and the BCPV. The correspondence also contains disagreements on topics such as the International War Crimes Tribunal and policy for opposition of the Vietnam War. Letters from Russell and his staff are typescript copies.

Publishing correspondence

Series consists of correspondence with Russell's publishers as well as requests for Russell to contribute writings for various journals, pamphlets, etc. Also includes some book covers from Allen & Unwin for some of Russell's published works. Letters from Russell and his staff are typescript copies; some received letters are photocopies.

Acquired as part of Archives 1 and Archives 2. The print finding aid for Archives 2 states that the series "represent the general correspondence of Russell and his staff with publishers of every description. Includes some Vietnam publishing correspondence. There are several files with George Allen & Unwin Ltd., Russell's English publisher since 1916, including one stray letter from 1919. The general correspondence contains much information about translations of Russell's works - e.g., a Russian translation of "Satan in the Suburbs" in Zvezda, 1963."

Heads of State

Series consists predominately of correspondence with heads of state and other political leaders in various countries relating to issues of international politics, including the Cuban missile crisis, the Sino-Indian border dispute, the war in Vietnam, Arab-Israeli relations, etc. Among the correspondents are Chou En-lai (Zhou Enlai) of China, Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Ayub Khan and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan, Nikita Krushchev of the USSR, Secretary General U Thant of the United Nations, Ho Chi Minh of Vietnam, and many others. Letters from Russell and his staff are typescript copies.

By 1963, the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation had been established, and the affairs of the BRPF are also reflected here. Accordingly, there is some overlap with the BRPF series (311 onward). There is also overlap with series 640 World Affairs. The files are arranged alphabetically by name of country, and also include material relating to the United Nations.

Series was acquired as part of Archives 1.

Condolences on Russell's death: general

Series consists of condolences on Russell's death addressed to the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation, members of Russell's staff, or his wife Edith Russell. The condolences are from various individuals and organizations who knew Russell personally or were influenced by his life's work. Includes some typed copies of replies from Ken Coates and Christopher Farley, often on behalf of the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation or his wife Edith Russell.

97th Birthday

Series consists of approximately 50 birthday letters addressed to Russell for his 97th birthday from individuals and organizations around the world who were both known and unknown to him. Many were sent by admirers of Russell. Russell died at age 97, and thus the items in this series mark his last birthday.

Frank Russell - letters from friends and family

Series consists of Frank Russell's correspondence with family and friends. Incoming correspondence largely consists of handwritten originals; outgoing correspondence consists of typescript copies. Includes copies of approximately 70 letters from Frank to George Santayana, 1887-1898, and 24 letters to Frank from the artist and playwright Laurence Housman, 1898-1925. Acquired as part of Archives 1.

Frank Russell v. Mabel Edith (1st wife) - matrimonial suit

Series consists of papers and correspondence relating to the 1891 matrimonial suit initiated by Frank Russell’s first wife, Mabel Edith Scott, on a charge of cruelty; in addition, there was a charge of a 'gross nature' concerning 'a man called X'. The trial lasted four days and resulted in Russell’s acquittal. Russell's solicitor was A.P. Doulton, of the firm Vandercom, Hardy, Oatway and Doulton, who handled much of Russell's correspondence at this time. Also includes two written testimonies for the court proceedings attesting to Frank Russell's character (filed at the end of the series), as well as Mabel Edith's own incoming correspondence (some photocopies) during 1890-1891 covering topics such as her dissatisfaction with her marriage and her desire to separate from and/or divorce Frank Russell. Acquired as part of Archives 1.

Russell relatives

Series consists of Bertrand Russell's correspondence with his Russell relatives ranging from his early life to later years and offers insight into significant events in Russell's life and the nature of his relationships with certain family members. Letters from family members often include opinions about Russell's writings and activities. Letters from Russell are typescript copies, and some incoming letters are typescript copies although most are handwritten or typed originals.

Some letters, such as those sent from his grandmother, Lady Frances Russell, and aunt, Lady Agatha Russell, refer to his decision not to enter into a political career. Lady Agatha also expresses disappointment regarding rumours of his extramarital affairs in the 1920s, and Aunt Georgiana Peel and her daughter Ethel disagree with his anti-war convictions during WWI.

Correspondence with his cousin Flora Russell from 1941-1967 depicts a close relationship that existed in Russell's later life; the correspondence includes friendly joking and invitations to visit. Russell also received letters from various distant cousins who wished to reconnect or to initiate communication.

Correspondents include his grandmother Lady Frances Russell (box 6.30), his uncles George Gilbert William Russell (box 6.30) and Rollo Russell (box 6.30, 11.08), his aunts Lady Agatha Russell (box 6.29), Lady Georgiana Peel (box 6.29), and Lady Charlotte Portal (box 6.29), and cousins.

Russell's cousins include:

Elizabeth Cobb (box 6.29)
Arthur D. Elliot (box 6.29)
Hugh Elliot (box 6.29)
Margaret Elliot (box 6.29)
Rachel Elliot (box 6.29)
Grace Forester (box 6.29, 11.08)
Margaret and John Lloyd (box 6.29, 11.08)
Leonora Russell de Mello (box 6.30)
Alicia [Russell] (6.30)
Anthony Russell (box 6.30)
Claud Russell (box 6.30)
Cosmo Russell (box 6.30)
Diana Russell (box 6.30)
Flora Russell (box 6.30, 11.08)
George W.E. Russell (box 6.30)
Sir Guy Russell (box 6.30)
Harold Russell (box 6.30)
John W. Russell (box 6.30)
Martin Russell (box 6.30, 11.08)
Maud Russell (box 6.30, 11.08)
Raymond Russell (box 6.30)
Rupert Strong (box 6.30, 11.08)
Gwendoline Villiers (box 6.30)
Rollo Villiers (box 6.30)

Acquired primarily with Archives 1 with some additional items acquired with Archives 2.

Russell's dictation

Series consists of drafts of correspondence and of articles dictated by Russell to his wife, Edith, and handwritten by her. Most of the letters in this series are also related to correspondence in other series. Some replies are brief, such as those pertaining to meetings or those which merely acknowledge the receipt of letters. Also includes replies pertaining to Russell's peace activities, editorial letters, and letters relating to his opinions on morals, religion, family life, etc. Acquired as part of Archives 1 and 2. As noted in the print finding aid for Archives 2, "It is ... a very useful source of information, not least for being arranged chronologically."

Financial correspondence and related records

Four small series have been grouped together here: <b>751:</b> Russell’s correspondence with his accountant, Percy A. Popkin. <b>752:</b> Additional correspondence with various financial institutions, including Barclay’s Bank and Child & Col. Also includes three bank account “pass” books, one for Beacon Hill School from 1927-1931 and two for personal use from 1923-1929, 1929-1934. <b>753:</b> 14 bank deposit books (1950, 1952-60, 1962, 1968) and 176 cheque book stubs (1935-37, 1947-56, 1958-69). As noted in the print finding aid for Archives 2, the deposit books “record individual deposits, with the date, beneficiary and amount, but seldom with any note on the source,” while the cheque-book stubs “provide date, payee and amount. Sometimes they are filled out in other hands.” <b>754:</b> miscellaneous correspondence.

While much of the material relates to payments of various kinds, some of those payments relate to maintenance payments to his former wives, and matters relating to his children and grandchildren.

Legal Correspondence

Series consists of correspondence with Russell's legal firm, Coward, Chance & Co., relating Russell's letting of Telegraph House from his brother, 1927-1931; divorce proceedings between Russell and Dora, 1932-1935, as well as custody and schooling for their children, John and Kate, 1932-1936 (as noted in the print finding aid for Archives 2, “this part of the correspondence is sometimes annotated by Russell in ball-point pen”); the mental health of Russell's eldest son John, 1960, 1964; custody, education, and finances of his grandchildren, Anne, Sarah, and Lucy (children of John Conrad and Susan Russell), 1961-1969; Russell's and Edith's week long imprisonment in Brixton Prison for the Committee of 100's anti-nuclear demonstrations, 1961; wills drafted for Russell and Edith, 1963; a legal amendment to the parentage of Harriet Russell (Dora Russell's daughter by Griffin Barry); and other matters. Also noted in the print finding aid: “Crompton Llewelyn Davies was Russell's chief contact” at Coward, Chance & Co. “until his death in 1935; L.E.P. Tylor succeeded him.”

The Pauling row

Series relates to Russell's vigorous support for Linus Pauling, who had been criticized (along with Edward Teller) in an article by Bentley Glass for offering political opinions. The article, 'Scientists in Politics', had been published in the May 1962 issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Series consists of correspondence with Pauling, Joseph Rotblat, Eugene Rabinowitch (the founder of the Bulletin), and Bentley Glass. Also included is the May 1962 issue of the Bulletin. Acquired as part of Archives 1.

See also the file "Directors and Advisers" in series 350, BRPF Branch Offices, for a small collection of correspondence with Pauling as well as statements and offprints that he authored. His letters reveal his opinions regarding the membership of certain American scientists in the Pugwash Conference following the publication of Glass' article.

Artwork: paintings, drawings, caricatures, sculptures and other material

Series consists of original artwork (paintings, drawings, caricatures, sculptures and other material) owned by Russell and his family, as well as items—including copies--acquired from other sources. While Russell is the subject of most of the artwork, some items focus on other individuals as well as various events or places. Includes items acquired as part of Russell Archives 1 and 2, as well as more recent acquisitions (Russell Archives 3).

Photocopies, mimeographs, and other documents

<b>972 Odds and Ends (boxes 11.59-11.60)</b>: ephemera and other personal documents, such as pamphlets, leaflets, advertisements, programmes, posters, invitations, circulars, publishers' catalogues, and business cards, as well as news clippings, newsletters, articles (including offprints and photocopies), statements, correspondence, film negatives (including those from an IWCT trip to Vietnam), two maps, a painting of Russell, a dog licence, and blank postcards. Includes photocopies of some of Russell's notable correspondence and articles. There are materials related to a variety of Russell's academic, social, and political interests and activities such as nuclear disarmament, the Kennedy assassination, philosophy, marriage and divorce, BRPF, IWCT, and NCD to name a few.

<b>973 Archival lists (box 11.61)</b>: one draft copy and one proof copy of Barry Feinberg, ed., A Detailed Catalogue of the Archives of Bertrand Russell (London: Continuum 1 Ltd., 1967) for Russell Archives 1, notes relating to K. Blackwell and C. Spadoni, The Second Archives of Bertrand Russell (Bristol: Thoemmes, 1992) for Russell Archives 2, and Edith's notes pertaining to the shipment of Russell's papers for Russell Archives 1.

<b>974 Photocopies (box 11.62)</b>: photocopies of correspondence from series 650 (Heads of State); from series 210 (Book Manuscripts); of correspondence used in Russell’s Autobiography; and annotated photocopies of Barry Feinberg, ed., A Detailed Catalogue of the Archives of Bertrand Russell (London: Continuum 1 Ltd., 1967).

<b>975 Mimeographed Statements (boxes 11.63-11.67)</b>: Series consists of mimeographed copies of Russell's statements, articles, speeches, and correspondence as well as some speeches and articles written by Ralph Schoenman relating to topics such as the treatment of Jews in the Soviet Union, the Vietnam War, and the Cold War. Also includes copies of two issues of the Vietnam Solidarity Bulletin from 1966 and copies of mimeographed statements published in the bulletin.

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