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Collection RC0354 - Labor-Progressive Party

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Labor-Progressive Party

General material designation

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Title statements of responsibility

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Level of description

Collection

Reference code

RC0354

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

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Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1944-2001 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

50 cm of textual records.

Publisher's series area

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Archival description area

Name of creator

Labor-Progressive Party (1943-1959)

Administrative history

The Communist Party of Canada was founded in Guelph, Ontario in June 1921 as a secret organization. It became a fully open party in 1924. In 1940 it was banned under the War Measures Act. In 1943 it re-emerged as a "new" party, the Labor-Progressive Party (LPP). The period from 1943-1945 was its most successful, with a claimed membership of 20,000. Tim Buck (1891-1973), a machinist and trade unionist, was general-secretary of the party for thirty-two years although he was forced underground during the 1940-1943 period. He also served as the national leader of the LPP.

The LPP last ran a federal candidate in a December 1958 by-election and nine provincial candidates in the 1959 Ontario election. Following this it returned to Communist Party of Canada name.

Custodial history

Scope and content

There have been two accruals. The first accrual consists almost entirely of printed materials and ephemera. There is one file folder of typescripts and holograph notes. Included in the collection are the 1946 and 1949 constitutions, pamphlets, programs, election materials for Tim Buck and others, conference reports, and correspondence course outlines. Some of the material was issued by the Toronto and Yorks Committee of the party, others by the Ontario Committee. The majority of the collection consists of printed materials and periodicals from a variety of other organizations, in Canada and abroad. There is one signed petition to the Mayor and Council of the City of Toronto which was organized by the Toronto Councils of Unemployed. The second accrual (17-2001) consists of a cigarette once belonging to Tito, correspondence, a speech, Tim Buck programs, and printed autographed materials concerning Paul Robeson.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

The provenance and date of acquisition of the first accrual is not known. The second accrual was received in October 2001 from Karl Freeman.

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Restrictions on access

There are no access restrictions.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

Associated materials

The collection is supplemented by catalogued periodicals issued by the Labor-Progressive Party: Club Life and National Affairs Monthly. Researchers should also consult the Tim Buck collection and the Canadian pamphlet collection.

Related materials

Accruals

Further accruals are not expected.

Other notes

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

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Control area

Description record identifier

RC0354

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