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Calamai, Peter

  • RC0897
  • Personne
  • 1943-2019

Peter Calamai spent almost five decades as a newspaper reporter and editor working for major Canadian newspapers. He obtained a B.Sc. in physics from McMaster University in 1965, and while a student, he was editor-in-chief of the undergraduate student newspaper The Silhouette during which it was named the best student newspaper in Canada. Calamai remains involved in McMaster’s alumni community.

Best known for his award-winning 1987 adult literacy series, Calamai has worked on a number of high-profile stories in Washington, Europe, Africa, and Ottawa; he has worked as national and foreign correspondents for Southam News (1969-1990), editorial pages editor at The Ottawa Citizen (1990-1996), and national science reporter at the Toronto Star (1998-2008). Calamai has also worked as a freelance reporter, photographer, consultant, speech writer, and instructor.

An advocate for science, literacy, and journalistic professionalism, Calamai has been nationally recognized for his involvement in public issues and exceptional news reporting and writing through his Order of Canada (2014) and Diamond Jubilee Medal, among numerous other awards. Remaining dedicated to the promotion of accurate science reporting, he is a founding member of the Canadian Science Writers’ Association and the Science Media Centre of Canada.

Calamai passed away at the age of 75, in January 2019.

Calvert, Morley

  • RC0885
  • Personne
  • 1928-1991

Morley Calvert was a conductor, bandmaster and composer. He was born in Brantford, Ontario. His music education included an LSRM certification in 1946, and A Mus. degree from McGill in 1950 and a B. Mus. degree from McGill in 1956. He founded and was the director of the McGill University Concert Band from 1960-1970 and the director of the Lakeshore Concert Band from 1967-1972. In 1958 at Ayers, QC, he founded the Monteregian Music Camp, which offered summer training for high school students which ended in 1970

Calvert’s professional activities included the position of accompaniment for Maureen Forrester. He was invited to join the American Bandmasters Association (ABA), and was the conductor of the Barrie Central Collegiate Band from 1972-1985. He was President of the Ontario Chapter of the Canadian Bandmasters Association from 1981-1983 and national executive vice-president from 1981-3. He was the artistic director of the Civic Concert Choir of Hamilton in 1987 and of the Weston Silver Band in 1988. At the time of his death, he was teaching music at Mohawk College in Hamilton, Ontario. Calvert’s compositions, recordings and performances include Suite from the Monteregian Hills published in 1961; Romantic Variations (1976, 1979) was commissioned and privately recorded by the Youth Band of Ontario and the Arizona State University Band; Introduction, Elegy and Caprice (1978) was commissioned as the test piece for the first European Brass Band Championships at Royal Albert Hall in London in 1978 and recorded by the Black Dyke Mills Band.

Cameron, Douglas

  • RC0606
  • Personne
  • [19--]-

F/L Douglas Cameron was a game keeper in Perthshire, Scotland prior to 1939. After training for the Royal Air Force, he served as a gunner with No. 58 Squadron based at York and flew two tours in Whitley bombers. While with this squadron he was shot down by an FW190 fighter. Following this, he served with Coastal Command, until moving to No. 149 Squadron based at Lakenheath where he joined the crew of F/Sgt. R.H. Middleton of the Royal Australian Air Force. On the night of 27/28 November 1942 they flew to Turin, Italy to attack the Fiat Works. Their Stirling aircraft was hit by flak and severely damaged while returning from the target. Middleton, missing one eye, managed to fly the aircraft back to the English coast where four of the crew, including Cameron, baled out before the aircraft crashed into the sea killing Middleton and two other crewmembers. Middleton was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross for his efforts and Douglas Cameron the DFM.

Removed from flying operations Cameron served with No. 20 O.T.U. at Lossiemouth as Gunnery Leader. In May 1944 he went back to ops with S/L Ian Bazalgette as part of the Pathfinder Force and began operating with No. 635 Squadron. On 4 August 1944 their Lancaster was struck by flak. Cameron and the able crew were ordered to bale out over France while Bazalgette attempted to land the plane on a single engine to save the lives of two injured crewmembers who were unable to jump. Bazalgette was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross for his action. Cameron was able to evade Nazi soldiers and tracking dogs in the forest. He joined up with the French Resistance and became a saboteur until the area was liberated.

Following the war Cameron returned to Scotland to continue his career as a gamekeeper. He named his only daughter Margaret Middleton Bazalgette Cameron as his lasting tribute to the pilots he had flown with on Victoria Cross flights.

Campbell, Marjorie Freeman

  • RC0247
  • Personne
  • 1896-1975

Marjorie Freeman Campbell was a local Hamilton historian. Her books include A Mountain and a City: the Story of Hamilton (1966) and Hamilton General Hospital School of Nursing (1956).

Canada Company

  • RC0620
  • Collectivité
  • 1826-1953

The Canada Company was a British land development company incorporated in 1826 to aid in the colonization of Upper Canada. The company surveyed and subdivided the land, built roads, mills, and schools, and advertised it to buyers in Europe. The company assisted in the migration of new settlers to the area on their ships. The company was dissolved on December 18, 1953.


  • Collectivité

Trenton Air Station was the hub of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan in Canada during World War II.


  • RC0491
  • Collectivité

Canadian Army. Canadian Expeditionary Force (Siberia)

  • RC0580
  • Collectivité
  • 1918-1919

Authorized on 12 August 1918, the Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force was composed of 4,000 soldiers that were sent to Russia to combat the Bolshevik menace. The soldiers were selected from the headquarters staff, “B” Squadron RNWMP, 85th Battery CFA, 16th Field Company CE, 6th Signal Company, 259th and 260th Infantry Battalions, 20th Machine Gun Company, No. 1 Company Divisional Train, No. 16 Field Ambulance, No. 11 Stationary Hospital, and No. 9 Ordnance Detachment. The Commander was Major-General J.H. Elmsley. Most of the soldiers were stationed in Vladivostock. They returned home to Canada in the summer of 1919 without engaging in any hostilities.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

  • RC0008
  • Collectivité
  • 1936-

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation was formed on 2 November 1936 consisting of two radio networks; Trans-Canada (English) and the French network. In 1952 two television stations began broadcasting in Toronto and Montreal.

Canadian Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

  • RC0034
  • Collectivité
  • 1958-1965

The organization was founded in the winter of 1958 by Mary Van Stolk of Edmonton to protest the dangers of nuclear fallout. Mrs. Stolk travelled across Canada, meeting clergymen, businessmen, academics, politicians, and others, gathering a consensus to form a national committee. Hugh L. Keenlyside was named provisional chairman of the committee which was then named the Committee for the Control of Radiation Hazards. In March 1961 the national office was set up in Toronto. Mrs. Van Stolk was replaced as Executive Secretary by F.C. Hunnius. The major policy initiative of the group was a national petition against nuclear weapons for Canada. In the winter of 1962 the organization changed its name to the Canadian Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CCND). The organization was active until 1965.

Canadian Committee for World Refugee Year

  • RC0072
  • Collectivité
  • 1959-1961

World Refugee Year was proclaimed by the United Nations in 1959. At the time in Europe, there were 110,000 people in refugee camps. The Canadian Committee for World Refugee Year (CCWRY) functioned with an executive committee that brought individuals together from across the country. The chairman of the committee was Reuben C. Baetz, Assistant National Commissioner of the Canadian Red Cross. Muriel Jacobson, on leave from the Canadian Association for Adult Education, was the committee's National Director. The objectives of the national committee, and the 40 local committees that lent their support to the cause, were: "to focus attention on the refugee problem and to promote among the people of Canada a sympathetic interest in the plight of refugees throughout the world, through publicity, to help those participating organizations, which are already engaged in refugee work, to raise more money than they would normally be able to do so, and to establish a Central Fund to which contributions may be made for the United Nations refugee programs." The national committee was assisted by 45 voluntary national sponsoring organizations.

The CCWRY encouraged local committees to participate in special events like Austerity Week, special exhibitions of photographs of refugee camps, exhibitions of Ron Searle sketches, dramatic productions by the Barn Players and screenings of films such as Exposed and The Camp. The CCWRY also promoted Operation Eskimo, a special fund raising project involving a group of Inuit from Frobisher Bay who raffled off handicrafts to raise money for a rehabilitation centre. The CCWRY co-ordinated a number of fund-raising efforts including the sale of pins, pens and grip discs. Over $1,218,000 was raised for various projects. Most of this money was allocated to clearing designated camps in Europe, particularly in Germany and Austria. The remaining funds were allocated to vocational training, particularly for youth in the Middle East and projects underway in Hong Kong and mainland China.

Canadian Federated Council of Employees

  • RC0527
  • Collectivité
  • 1942-

The Council was founded in Hamilton, Ont. in November 1942. Membership was open to all labour groups.

Canadian Fiction Magazine

  • RC0192
  • Collectivité
  • 1970-1998

The first issue of the Canadian Fiction Magazine (CFM), edited by Janie Kennon and R.W. Stedingh, appeared in 1971 as a student publication at the University of British Columbia. Geoff Hancock took over as editor in summer 1975 after Stedingh retired. Published as a quarterly, CFM was probably the foremost literary vehicle of its kind during this period for the Canadian short story in English and for its specialty issues on Native fiction, magic realism, Latin fiction, and fiction in translation, all of which were later turned into anthologies by Hancock. During its peak years, CFM published works by some of Canada's best-known writers and artists, including: Margaret Atwood, Michael Bullock, Matt Cohen, Mavis Gallant, Alberto Manguel, Eugene McNamara, Alice Munro, Susan Musgrave, Rikki, Leon Rooke, Jane Rule, Josef Skvorecký, Jane Urquhart, Miriam Waddington, bp Nichol, David Watmough, George Woodcock, Ann Copeland, and Sam Tata. Published for twenty-seven years primarily under Hancock's editorship, CFM ceased in 1998 when government grants and other funding were not available as a subvention for publication.

Canadian Liberation Movement

  • RC0083
  • Collectivité
  • 1969-1976

The Canadian Liberation Movement was active between 1969 and 1976. A left-wing organization dedicated to the overthrow of capitalism and American imperialism, it had its headquarters in Toronto and branches in many Canadian cities. Its publishing arm, NC Press, was responsible for New Canada, the organization's official newspapers, as well as for a number of books. The Canadian poet, Milton Acorn, was associated with the Movement.

Canadian Peace Congress

  • RC0168
  • Collectivité

The Canadian Peace Congress (CPC) is an organized movement of people and groups in Canada working for peace and supporting the ideals of the United Nations. It is part of the movement led by the World Council of Peace, which itself was formally founded in 1950 after organizing conferences in 1949. The CPC was founded between December of 1948 and May of 1949, as a response to the beginning of the Cold War. The problem regarding the founding date stems from the fact that the original meeting in December 1948 established the Toronto Peace Council, known later as the Toronto Association for Peace, which appointed members to a provisional committee, which in turn organized the first national congress meeting in May 1949. The original meeting was attended by representatives of 47 different organizations and groups, including women's, youth and church groups, trade unions, and ethnic associations. At the subsequent meeting a National Council was set up which elected an executive to run the Congress. The CPC evolved over time to contain various peace councils across Canada as well as affiliated organizations such as the Trade Union Peace Committee, the Communist Party of Canada, the Federation of Russian Canadians and the United Jewish People's Order, to name but a few. The work of the CPC has included organizing conferences to support peace, oppose the arms race, and keep peace issues at the forefront of public attention. Petitions, education, and government lobbying are some of the methods employed by the CPC. In addition, the CPC became closely involved with the Soviet Peace Committee with members of both groups frequently visiting each other's countries. The CPC also maintained a relationship with its Quebec counterpart, Conseil québécois de la paix. The Congress was directed by Chairman James G. Endicott until 1972. He was succeeded by John H. Morgan, who took the title of President and held it until 1986. The final leader of CPC was Lari Prokop. Jean Vantour was Executive Secretary until 1982; she was succeeded by Gordon Flowers who took the title of Executive Director. Although not formally dissolved, the CPC has been very inactive since 1992.

Canadian School of Musketry

  • RC0755
  • Collectivité
  • 1903-

The Canadian School of Musketry was authorized by the government in 1903. The troops trained at the Rockcliffe Rifle Range and were part of a permanent force in the Canadian Army. D.H.C. Mason is credited with founding the School and overseeing the Battalion. Names of individuals in the photograph are listed in ink on the reverse. The names include: C.E. Kelly, 73 Melrose Ave Hamilton, [Mr.] Munro, Capt. H.F.G. Woodbridge 71st Regt Fredericton, N.B., M.T. Graham C.I. 356 Cambria St. Strafford, J.W. Kirckconnell, Lindsay, Ontario, J. Harold Keer, 44th Regt Welland, Ontario, D.W. Clarkson, Stanley, New Bruns., J Edwards RMS, Kingston, Ontario, A.S. [S-Marie] St. 4th FCE, Montreal.

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