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Authority record

19th Battalion (Central, Ontario), Canadian Expeditionary Force

  • RC0835
  • Corporate body
  • 1914-1920

The battalion was originally raised at Exhibition Park in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on 6 November 1914. As part of the 4th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division, the 19th went from its station in Toronto, Canada, to West Sandling Camp, Shorncliffe, England, 23 May 1915. It disembarked in France on 15 September 1915, where it fought as part of the 4th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war and disbanded on 15 September 1920. It is perpetuated by The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's).

Abbott, Jane

  • RC0584
  • Person
  • [18--]-[19--]

Jane Abbott was an American visitor to Vienna in 1914 when Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife, Sophie, were assassinated in Sarajevo, leading to the outbreak of the First World War. Abbott travelled to Europe in April 1914, with her husband, Dr. Donald Putnam Abbott, a recent graduate of Rush Medical College in Chicago. Dr. Abbott was intending to further his medical training in Vienna, but this plan was abandoned following the assassinations. The Abbotts left Austria at the end of August, travelling by train across Europe to England. They returned to the United States at the end of September.

Adams, Albert Ernest

  • RC0585
  • Person
  • 1898-1918

Albert Ernest Adams was born in Toronto on 12 July 1898. His father was Ernest Albert Adams, a bread wagon driver, and his mother was Sarah Heighes. Lying about his age in order to fight in the First World War, Adams volunteered with the 134th Battalion on 27 January 1916, after seven months served already as a private with the 48th Highlanders. By June 1916, while training at Camp Niagara, he received word that his parents had separated. Subsequently, after a short period at Camp Borden, Adams departed for England, arriving by the beginning of August 1916.

He trained at Aldershot and was then assigned to Camp Witley in Surrey as an instructor in musketry, earning the nickname "Babe" for being the youngest sergeant. Later, in March 1917, he took a machine gun course. One year later, in March 1918, he was transferred to 3rd Canadian Machine Gun Battalion, No. 1 Company, training briefly at the Canadian depot at Searford before shipping off to France within the month. He survived the battle of Amiens in August, but on 24 September 1918 a German aircraft dropped a bomb on the A and C batteries of No. 1 Company, killing over 30 men including Adams. He was buried in Wanquetin Communal Cemetery Extension at Pas de Calais, France.

Adams, Roy J.

  • RC0886
  • Person
  • 1940-

Roy J. Adams (b. 1940) is an academic with interests in the area of labour issues. He has lectured and held positions around the world. In 2003 he convened the Hamilton Civic Coalition, an organization of top civic leaders dedicated to improving the quality of life in Hamilton

Adamson, Anthony

  • RC0184
  • Person
  • 1906-2002

Anthony Adamson, architect, author, teacher, and administrator, was born in Toronto in 1906. He studied architecture at Cambridge University and London University. After completing his education, he became an architect and architectural planner and then a professor at the University of Toronto from 1955 to 1965. He also served as an elected municipal official for the Township of Toronto. He was awarded honorary degrees from Queen's University (1975) and the University of Windsor (1985).

The recipient of many honours including the Order of Canada (1974) and the Gabrielle Léger Medal (1981), he contributed greatly to the architectural heritage of Ontario and to the visual and performing arts. He lobbied for the restoration of Dundurn Castle in Hamilton, Ont. and then served as General Consultant to the project which was completed in 1967. He also served for several years as Chairman of the Ontario Arts Council and was a member of the Board of the Ontario Heritage Foundation. Anthony Adamson died on 3 May, 2002.

Having first collaborated at Morrisburg, Ont. on the Upper Canada Village project, Adamson and Marion Bell MacRae continued working together on a survey of the historical houses of Ontario. The resulting work, written by MacRae and with a preface and a last word by Adamson, explored the history of the province through its architecture. The Ancestral Roof (1963) was well received and has had many printings. This team would co-operate on two more works on the history of Ontario architecture. In 1975 MacRae and Adamson published Hallowed Walls (Governor General's award for non-fiction), an exploration of ecclesiastical architecture of Ontario. They also collaborated on Cornerstones of Order (1983) which looked at pre-1900 public buildings (court houses and town halls) in Ontario.

Agnew, Donald Robert

  • RC0541
  • Person
  • 1897-

Brigadier Donald Robert Agnew was born in Toronto on 25 Oct. 1897. He was educated at University of Toronto Schools and Royal Military College. From 1947-1954 he was both Commandant of the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ont. and A.D.C. to the Governor-General of Canada. From 1954-1958 he served as Director of the Imperial War Graves Commission in North West Europe. He was awarded the C.B.E. in 1946. He would gain the rank of Brigadier-General and retired from the military in 1958.

Agnew, John

  • RC0541
  • Person
  • [18--]-[19--]

Major John Agnew, 127th Battalion, Canadian Infantry, served in World War I, along with his three sons, Lt. Donald Agnew, of the Canadian Reserve Artillery, Lt. Ellis Agnew, 351 Brigade R.F.A., and Lt. Ronald Agnew, of the Royal Canadian Navy. Major Agnew's first wife, Daisy Edith Stocks, died in 1902. He married Elizabeth Dickenson prior to the start of the First World War. The Agnew family lived in Toronto, Ont. During the war, his wife Elizabeth Agnew, moved temporarily to Hamilton, Ont. while her husband and sons were overseas.

Agnew, Ronald Ian

  • RC0541
  • Person
  • 1895-

Commander Ronald Ian Agnew, was born in Toronto on 6 June 1895. He was educated at the Royal Naval College of Canada. He served in the navy during World War I on the H.M.S. Manners and H.M.S. Princess Royal and with the North Russian Relief Force in 1919. He was awarded the O.B.E. in 1935. He settled in Victoria, BC, with his wife, Eleanor Monteith. He died 22 March 1949, and was buried at sea.

Air Raid Precautionary, City of Westminster Engineer (ARP)

  • RC0284
  • Corporate body
  • 1936-

In August 1936, the Home Office of the British Government directed every municipality in Britain to develop an Air Raid Precautionary (ARP) programme, primarily to establish and maintain air raid shelters for the local population in the event of war. The Westminster City Council (WCC) in London instructed the Westminster City Engineer’s Office forthwith to begin programme responsibilities including the following: in 1937 and early 1938 to establish criteria and policy relevant to ARP activities, and develop voluntary cooperation with local commercial businesses; in 1938 and 1939 to survey the basements of all residential and commercial buildings within the Westminster City boundaries for their suitability or potential modification as shelters; to supervise the modification of basements to provide basement shelters in commercial buildings, and to provide ongoing maintenance, signage and hours of opening; to decide upon criteria for requisitioning or decommissioning a shelter, and to supervise all inspections of such shelters, also to undertake ARP matters not directly related to shelters, but of engineering concern.

During World War II the Engineer’s Office was damaged by enemy action in March 1940, and the office was moved from Alhambra House to Fanum House until September 1945. The City Engineer’s Office was responsible for furnishing, staffing, modification and operation of the temporary headquarters. Formal decommissioning of air raid shelters began on 30 May 1945, but matters concerning the former shelters routinely reached the office until the mid-1950s. With the commencement of the Cold War, the City Engineer’s Office also was prepared to redo the survey of basements. A few completed forms from this survey are extant, reaching into the 1960s.

Aldwinckle, Eric

  • RC0385
  • Person
  • 1909-1980

Eric Aldwinckle was born in Oxford England on 22 January 1909. He came to Canada in 1922. He was an instructor at the Ontario College of Art from 1936 to 1942. In 1943 he went to Europe as an official war artist, serving with the Royal Canadian Air Force as a Flight Lieutenant. The paintings and drawings he created are part of the collection of the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa. After the war he returned to the OCA, later working for the Stratford Festival. He became a noted designer of heraldic crests and medals for several Canadian universities and a life-time member of the Arts and Letters Club of Toronto. Although known for his art, he did publish one musical composition in 1968. He died in January 1980.

Allan, James R.

  • RC0558
  • Person
  • [18--]-[19--]

James R. Allan was a sapper with the 2nd Infantry Brigade, Headquarters staff, Brigade Signal section, First Canadian Contingent, British Expeditionary Force.

Allatt, Norman

  • RC0494
  • Person
  • 1894-1976

Norman Allatt was born on 7 December 1894 in Dewsbury, Yorkshire, England. He was the third child of Fred and Anne (née Hirst) Allatt. In 1906, the family immigrated to Toronto. In the 1911 census, Norman Allatt is listed as a shoe (machine) operator in a factory.

In January 1915 Allatt voluntarily joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force and was posted to the Canadian Exhibition grounds in Toronto to begin his training. His diary of 1915 documents his sailing overseas in August 1915, aboard the R.M.S. Hesperian en route to Plymouth from Montreal. In October 1915, Allatt departed for France and was assigned to the 14th battalion, Royal Montreal Regiment. During the war he was a sniper. When the war ended, the Royal Military Regiment was stationed in north-west France in the vicinity of Valenciennes, near the Belgian border. The regiment sailed from Liverpool in April 1919 for Halifax.

Allatt returned home to live with his parents and took up his pre-war job as a shoe machine operator. He married Gertrude Benford in 1920. In 1922 he was employed by the Robert Simpson Company in Toronto. In 1923 the family moved to Detroit where Allatt worked at several jobs, until the Second World War, when he sold his retail business and became a stock keeper of an insurance company. He died in 1976.

For further biographical history see the document prepared by his nephews, Doug, Bob and David Allatt, Sepember 2009 and copy of Allatt’s attestation papers.

Allen, Richard

  • RC0705
  • Person
  • 1929-

Richard Allen is an educator, author and politician. He was born in Vancouver, B.C. on 10 February 1929 and educated at the University of British Columbia, the University of Toronto, the University of Saskatchewan and Duke University. He joined McMaster University in 1974 and held the rank of Professor in the History Department from 1976 to 1987.

He was first elected as a New Democratic Party (NDP) member of the Ontario Legislature for Hamilton West in 1982. Successful re-elections followed in 1985, 1987, and 1990. He assumed responsibility for many portfolios when the NDP was in opposition: 1982-1987, critic for Colleges and Universities; 1983-1985, critic for Cultural Affairs; 1983-1987, critic for Education; 1985-1987, critic for Skills Development; 1987-1990, critic for Community and Social Services and the Office of Disabled Persons as well as Francophone Affairs. When the NDP formed the government in 1990 he became the Minister of Colleges and Universities, Minister of Skills Development, and Minister Responsible for International Trade, and, then in 1994, he became Minister of Housing, a post he held until the government was defeated in 1995.

Allison, William M.

  • RC0642
  • Person
  • [1819]-1882

William M. Allison, accompanied by his wife, arrived in Hamilton, Ontario on 10 April 1845. The couple had previously lived in Yorkshire, England. After briefly working for another man, he set up his own business as a blacksmith at Ryckman's Corners, near Hamilton, Ontario. According to the 1861 census, they had three sons and a daughter. After Allison's death in 1882, the business was taken over by his son, Isaac.

Amalgamated Transit Union

  • RC0029
  • Corporate body
  • 1899-

Division 107 of the Amalgamated Association of Street Railway and Motor Coach Employees of America was established in Hamilton, Ont. on 9 April 1899 and signed its first agreement with the Hamilton Street Railway Company in June 1900. In 1957 the union began to represent workers at Canada Coach Lines Ltd. as well. Employees of the Public Service Commission of Galt, Ontario (later re-named Cambridge, Ont.) were added in 1962. In 1964 the union's name was changed to the Amalgamated Transit Workers. Mississauga Transit system workers joined the local in 1970.

Amberley, Katharine Louisa Stanley Russell,

  • RC0096
  • Person
  • 1842-1874.

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, philosopher, logician, peace advocate and social reformer, was born at Trelleck in Monmouthshire on 18 May 1872, the younger son of Viscount Amberley, and the grandson of Lord John Russell, the first Earl Russell. Educated at Cambridge, Russell was a prolific author, publishing his first book, Germany Social Democracy, in 1896, quickly followed by his dissertation, An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry (1897). His principal work, Principia Mathematica, written with Alfred North Whitehead, was published in three volumes, 1910-1913. In addition to philosophy, he wrote books about education, marriage, religion, politics, and many other subjects. He was an active campaigner against World War I, nuclear weapons, and the Vietnam war. For a time he owned and operated his own school, Beacon Hill, together with his wife, Dora. He was a recipient of many awards and honours, including the Nobel Prize for Literature (1950) and the Order of Merit (1949). He married four times. Russell published an Autobiography in three volumes, 1967-1969. He died at Plas Penrhyn, Merionethshire, Wales on 2 February 1970.

American Can (Simcoe, Ont.)

  • RC0180
  • Corporate body

In 1983 the workers at American Can in Simcoe, Ont. voted to join the United Steel Workers of America. Previously they had belonged to the Can Workers' Federal Unions (a directly chartered Canadian Labour Congress Union) as Local 535. In 1986 the company name was changed to Onex Packing Inc.

Ancaster (Ont.) Ministerial Association

  • RC0255
  • Corporate body
  • 1964-

The Ancaster Ministerial Association is a voluntary organization with its membership drawn from ministers serving the Christian churches of Ancaster. The first meeting of the re-organized association was held on 10 March 1964. The association has been active in planning joint services, making political statements, issuing advertising, and providing programming and studies.

Anderson, James E.

  • RC0502
  • Person
  • 1926-1995

James Edward Anderson was born in Perth, Ontario 23 February 1926. In 1953, he received his MD from the University of Toronto and was appointed a lecturer in Anatomy there in 1956. Anderson’s interest in archaeology and participation on dig sites lead to his involvement with the Department of Anthropology, where he became a full professor in 1961. He trained human osteologists and physical anthropologists at the University of Toronto and the State University of New York (SUNY) between 1963-66. In 1967, he became Chair and professor of the Department of Anthropology at McMaster University in the new School of Medicine, the Department would later become part of the Faculty of Social Sciences. As a result of health complications, he took early retirement in 1985, and passed away February 4th, 1995.

Anderson is known for his portable anatomy handbook for archaeologists, The Human Skeleton. As well as helping to illustrate the wealth of information available to archaeologists from careful examination of skeletal remains.

Angell, Sir Norman

  • RC0203
  • Person
  • 1874-1967

Norman Angell, author, was born in the Mansion House, Holbeach, on 26 December 1872 and educated at Geneva University. Rather than going on to Cambridge, at age seventeen, he left for the United States, supporting himself by manual labour. He later became a journalist, working in San Francisco, before returning to Europe. From 1904 to 1912 he was the Paris editor of The Daily Mail. His 1910 influential book The Great Illusion, on the prevention of war, was very widely read and discussed.

He was one of the founding members of the Union of Democratic Control. From 1929 to 1931 he served as Labour Member of Parliament for North Bradford. He was knighted in 1931 and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1933. He died in Croydon on 7 October 1967.

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