Second World War, 1939-1945

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Second World War, 1939-1945

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Charles Bridges fonds

  • RC0403
  • Fondo
  • 1919-1945

The problem with this collection of photographs is that two entirely different looking men are indentified as being Charles Bridges. One Bridges (A) is photographed with a bomb and given the rank of Major although the caption indicates doubt about this. The other man (B) is in the uniform of the RCE and is identified as a Captain whose first name is given only as “C”, presumably for Charles. However, the photograph is stamped on the back “Mond Nickel Co. Ltd”, a company that merged with INCO in 1929, a decade before the war began. There are several matches to Bridges (B) in the photograph collection made by the archivist There are only two matches to (A). It is not possible to match the three non-military photographs to either man. The album of negatives contains the information (presumably in the seller’s handwriting) that Bridges was at a bomb defusing school in Horsham, England from Nov. 1940 to May 1942.

The photographs were by compiled by an unknown individual who captioned the album “Major Charles Bridges, RCE, 148 WWII Photos. English bomb school & with the Canadian Expeditionary Forces in Holland.” The complier placed a photograph of Bridges (A) on the cover. Most of the photographs are not captioned. A few of the photographs are identified as being taken in Holland; one was noted as Box Hill (England); another was captioned as Taplow Hospital, i.e. the Canadian Red Cross Hospital in Taplow, Berks. The captions are done in different hands. Only two of the war photographs are dated, one 1944, the other 1945. Some are stamped as being printed in Appledoorn, Holland. The pictures depict bombs, military camps and vehicles, nurses and hospitals, ships including the Empress of Britain, a garden party, and a parade. The album of negatives contains an index by Bridges of what was photographed in Surrey, Hampshire and Somerset from 1940 to 1942. The index begins with huts at 4 C.C.S. in Dorking in Oct. 1940. Also included are B Company at Box Hill, Whiteley Camp, Bramshott, Porlock Moors, D Company Officers’ Quarters, Captain Curry (adjutant), Major MacClintock, Colonel and Mrs. Henshaw, Easter Sunday Services at Wentworth, Canadian Corps Field Punishment Camp, Park Lane in London, Nurse Terry Healy at Box Hill, some German bombs, Horsham Bomb Disposal (B.D.) school, demolitions at Epsom, Charles Bridges, Jo Bridges (wife of Charles Bridges) and Captain Bates, among many others. The handwriting of the index matches the caption on the Box Hill photograph in the album which contains an image of Bridges (B).

Bridges, Charles

E. H. Cookridge fonds

  • RC0033
  • Fondo
  • 1905-1979

The fonds consists mainly of materials related to his writing, as well as a large monograph collection.

Cookridge, E. H.

J. L. Garvin, Frank Waters, and Oliver Woods fonds

  • RC0094
  • Fondo
  • 1919-1981

J.L. Garvin:
The major treasure of this part is the series of letters between Garvin and Viola Woods, Oliver’s mother and Garvin’s future wife. Viola was unhappily married to the writer Maurice Woods when she first met Garvin but the death of Garvin’s first wife in 1918 seems to have spurred her to divorce – still an unfamiliar and scandalous procedure among the upper classes of early twentieth-century England. The couple’s efforts to marry were further complicated by their Roman Catholic religion, by Garvin’s influential position in British society and by the eccentric behavior of Viola’s sister, Una Troubridge, who had left her husband to become the lover of the notorious Radycliffe Hall. All these stresses are reflected in the passionate letters they wrote to one another between 1919 and their marriage in 1921.

Almost as valuable for the light which they throw upon Garvin in his final years, is the series of letters to his stepson Oliver Woods who was serving with distinction in a tank regiment during the Second World War. Perhaps significantly, apart from a single earlier example, Garvin's wartime communications with Oliver commence in March 1942, a month after he had ended his thirty-four year long editorship of The Observer. Although he soon began to write regularly for the Sunday Express it is probable that, with the burdens of editorial responsibility lifted, Garvin was able to devote more time to his correspondence and to following the fortunes of the war, and in particular to the fortunes of his beloved Oliver.

Frank Waters:
Frank Waters was not a journalist of the stature of J. L. Garvin and while the Waters material, included as Part II of this archive, lacks both the chronological and geographical scope of the Woods section, Waters was a man of intelligence, sensitivity and real literary ability. His journals, especially those which he kept during the Second World War are important and immensely readable with the kind of literary polish for which his friend Oliver Woods was only to find time in his published work. Indeed the Second World War is like a leit-motif running through the Waters material for, apart from the letters of condolence which flooded in to Joan Waters during October 1954, following Frank's untimely death, most of the correspondence and much of the literary, business and ephemeral material in this section of the archive dates from the years between 1939 and 1945.

Both Frank and Joan Waters were inveterate collectors of anecdotes and quotations and much of the material collected for a projected anthology is represented here, as is the raw material for another projected volume to comprise observations about The Times over more than 150 years. Oliver Woods was also involved in collecting material for his friends to use in the latter volume but neither was ever published.

Joan Maude, as a film and stage actress of some repute, had already established a wide circle of friends when she married Frank Waters in 1933 and many of her friendships survived into the years of her marriage to Oliver Woods. Rather than arbitrarily divide such letters to Joan between the Waters and Woods correspondence, all series of correspondence with Joan which continued after Frank's death (with the exception of letters of condolence, which are in the Waters section) have been placed in a single series in the Woods correspondence. References to such series are given in the Waters correspondence.

Oliver Woods
The material relating to Oliver Woods, scholar, soldier and man of The Times, comprises more than three quarters of the Garvin/Waters/Woods archive (114 of 132 boxes).

The Woods correspondence is a fascinating melange which accurately mirrors the many facets and encyclopedic interests of Oliver Woods. Among its most valuable contents are the letters exchanged with those who played major roles in African colonial and post-colonial history. Such British governors as Sir Andrew Cohen and Sir Evelyn Baring and newly emergent African leaders including Hastings Banda took Woods into their confidence.

Many of Britain's most influential politicians also found in Oliver Woods an intelligent, sympathetic and discreet correspondent and this section of the archive includes a litany of former prime ministers: Eden, Callaghan, Douglas-Home and Heath, as well as an intimate exchange with Hugh Gaitskell and his wife. There are lengthy series of letters between Woods and many members of the Astor family, and long exchanges with former Times editors such as William Haley.

Also Woods' many former army colleagues figure prominently here, men like Sir John ("Shan") Hackett who became close friends during the war years when Major Woods acquitted himself so bravely in the desert and who, as they rose to high positions of power, provided invaluable insights and information.

This part also includes some personal and family correspondence. While Oliver's mother Viola's letters to her husband J. L. Garvin are in the Garvin part of the archive, her letters to her son and his wife are here, as are substantial exchanges between Oliver and two of his Garvin half sisters, Viola and Katherine (Gordon).

Garvin, J. L.

J.D.C. McTavish fonds

  • RC0402
  • Fondo
  • 1941-1946

The fonds consists of correspondence, as well as some printed materials including souvenirs and news clippings.

McTavish, John D.C.

Harold Troper fonds

  • RC0505
  • Fondo
  • 1978-1981

The fonds consists of taped interviews conducted by Professors Troper and Abella in the conduct of their research for None is Too Many. Eight audio cassettes record Troper’s comments on archival documents located in New York and London. Also included is a microfilm reel from the Hebrew Immigration Aid Society archives.

Troper, Harold Martin

Henry Eugene (Hank) Novak fonds

  • RC0894
  • Fondo
  • 1944-1945

The fonds consists of 9 letters and telegrams from Hank to his parents in Hamilton while he was in the RCAF, 1944-45; 4 letters from “Mrs. Murray” to Hank’s mother (Mrs. Murray was a Scottish relative of Hank’s Canadian fiancée, Jean Gilchrist, whom Hank visited while on leave), 1944-45; 4 letters from Betty Pearson (WAAF, RCAF, Bedfordshire, England) to Hank’s mother, 1945; and 9 letters and cards from various officials and individuals to Hank’s parents after Hank was reported missing in action. Also includes a photograph of one of Hank’s crewmates (Leslie Payne), and related documents.

Novak, Henry Eugene (Hank)

Harold LeRoy Ward fonds

  • RC0605
  • Fondo
  • [192-]-1945

The fonds consists of two pilot’s flying log books (22 November 1941 until 2 March 1945), 16 b&w photographs, and a certificate from the Department of National Defence for Air about Ward’s service war record. The two earliest photographs depict Ward as a toddler and the students of his school at Dorchester in 1933. The other photographs relate to World War II: his training at Montreal, friends and acquaintances in the service, and aerial bombardments.

Ward, Harold LeRoy

Hilde Löw Notebook

  • RC0619
  • Colección
  • 1931-1936

This notebook, the property of Hilde Löw, contains stamps of the Bund der Deutschen in Böhmen. Many pages also have postcards (pasted in) and patriotic sentiments written by her acquaintances (Emma Glatz, Camilla Wolf, Berta Hoffman, Lisette Rahn, and others).

Löw, Hilde

H. Milligan fonds

  • RC0607
  • Unidad documental simple
  • 1940

The notebook titled "Royal Air Force Note Book for Workshop and Laboratory Records", dated 10 April 1940. It contains his notes on tools, carpentry, airplane construction, and hydraulics, as well as many diagrams and sketches, usually coloured.

Milligan, H.

George Stephen Vickers fonds

  • RC0158
  • Fondo
  • 1912-[2011]

The fonds consists primarily of Stephen’s correspondence with Elizabeth. There are a few letters from her to him and additional letters with other correspondents. There is also some of his and Elizabeth's academic research and writing, as well as documents from their lives. There is a useful biography of key people written by Daniel Vickers that will provide context for the documents. The fonds is arranged in three series: correspondence; writings; and other documents.

Vickers, George Stephen

McDaniel family

  • RC0332
  • Fondo
  • 1938-1945

The fonds primarily consists of correspondence between the family during the Second World War.

McDaniel Family

Robert Dorsey fonds

  • RC0890
  • Fondo
  • [192-]-2002

The fonds consists of correspondence, photographs, maps, clippings, and other printed material pertaining to Dorsey’s life, military service and involvement in WWII.

Dorsey, Robert Edmund

Richard Hoff fonds

  • RC0865
  • Fondo
  • 1864-1995

The fonds consists of documents concerning the life of Richard Hoff in German and English. There are also family history documents, materials documenting the history of Breslau, and some issues of the “Freie Deutsche Jugend” [Free German Youth]. The fonds is arranged into seven series: Historical Hoff Family Documents; Life of Richard Hoff; Visa for Brazil; Refuge in England; Internment Camp Life in Canada; Genealogical Notes and Charts; Breslau History and Memorabilia.

Hoff, Richard

Robert J. Longini fonds

  • RC0325
  • Fondo
  • 1954-1996

The fonds consists mostly of photographs from World War II, with subjects including Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill at the Casablanca Conference; the Allied bombing of the Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino; troop trucks, mule trains, soldiers and civilians. There are also photographs of the U.S. capitol in 1954 and personal photographs of family and friends. The textual records include correspondence, commendations, discharge papers, and certificates relating to Longini’s military career, as well as news clippings.

Longini, Robert J.

Russell Kneale Magee collection

  • RC0386
  • Colección
  • 1942-1946

The collection consists of letters written by Magee to Charles and Marion Shaw, 1944-1946. The Shaws were the owners of the North American Leather Company in Omemee, Ontario. There are also letters (typed carbons) from Magee to Dr. Ody and Colonel Harris which may have been enclosed in letters to the Shaws; one letter (a typed carbon) from Shaw to Magee; a draft of an unsigned letter to Sherwood Lett about Magee; and a mimeographed report “Visit to Berlin”, unsigned but by Magee.

Magee, Russell Kneale

James F. Westhead fonds

  • RC0100
  • Fondo
  • 1942-1946

The fonds contains letters and cards written to Westhead while he was overseas. The letters are from Westhead’s wife, Maud Westhead, his brother, George Herbert (“Herb”) Westhead, his father, George Westhead, his mother, and his sister, May Brown, all written from 878 Windermere Ave., Toronto Ontario. Some letters from Maud are written from the Lakeshore Hotel in Picton, Ontario. Other correspondents include Art and Ethel Clarke, of Toronto, and other friends and family members. The fonds also contains photographs – four of Maud and two of Westhead’s nephew, Douglas Brown, one of which includes Herb Westhead.

Westhead, James F.

Royal Air Force (RAF) Collection

  • RC0891
  • Colección
  • 1943

There are two letters written by Arthur Medland. The first is written to his Uncle, William P. White, the second is written to Douglas S. White, who seems to be William's son based on the content of the letters. Medland's letter to Douglas mentions the Tunisian Campaign. Medland has given the day and month, but not the date. His letter to Douglas is mostly likely written in 1943, given the time of the Tunisian Campaign and the active service of the HMCS Owen Sound, but it could be later. It is presumed that the letter to William is the same year, but again could be later.

The third letter was written by Jim [Shanock?] (1495306), an Aircraftman with the RAF, based at Sharjah in what is now Dubai. He was serving as part of the Persian and Iraq Force when he wrote to a Canadian, [Ian or Tom] Lancaster (JX391082), on board the HMCS Moose Jaw in July 1943. A couple of words have been excised from the letter by the censor.

Medland, Arthur

John Wigmore collection

  • RC0887
  • Colección
  • 1942-1944

The collection consists of forty-five letters from John Wigmore to his parents, plus two additional letters from his brother Bill, written between 1942-44.

Wigmore, John G.

Stanley and Evelyn Mann

  • RC0604
  • Fondo
  • [191-]-1944

The fonds consists of personal documents relating to his daughter Evelyn’s education and marriage, personal and official correspondence, and photographs – ranging from Stanley and Evelyn’s childhoods to Stanley Mann’s funeral.

Mann, Stanley Dickinson

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