The fonds consists mainly of materials related to his writing, as well as a large monograph collection.
Cookridge, E. H.
The fonds consists mainly of materials related to his writing, as well as a large monograph collection.
Cookridge, E. H.
The major treasure of this part is the series of letters between Garvin and Viola Woods, Oliver’s mother and Garvin’s future wife. Viola was unhappily married to the writer Maurice Woods when she first met Garvin but the death of Garvin’s first wife in 1918 seems to have spurred her to divorce – still an unfamiliar and scandalous procedure among the upper classes of early twentieth-century England. The couple’s efforts to marry were further complicated by their Roman Catholic religion, by Garvin’s influential position in British society and by the eccentric behavior of Viola’s sister, Una Troubridge, who had left her husband to become the lover of the notorious Radycliffe Hall. All these stresses are reflected in the passionate letters they wrote to one another between 1919 and their marriage in 1921.
Almost as valuable for the light which they throw upon Garvin in his final years, is the series of letters to his stepson Oliver Woods who was serving with distinction in a tank regiment during the Second World War. Perhaps significantly, apart from a single earlier example, Garvin's wartime communications with Oliver commence in March 1942, a month after he had ended his thirty-four year long editorship of The Observer. Although he soon began to write regularly for the Sunday Express it is probable that, with the burdens of editorial responsibility lifted, Garvin was able to devote more time to his correspondence and to following the fortunes of the war, and in particular to the fortunes of his beloved Oliver.
Frank Waters was not a journalist of the stature of J. L. Garvin and while the Waters material, included as Part II of this archive, lacks both the chronological and geographical scope of the Woods section, Waters was a man of intelligence, sensitivity and real literary ability. His journals, especially those which he kept during the Second World War are important and immensely readable with the kind of literary polish for which his friend Oliver Woods was only to find time in his published work. Indeed the Second World War is like a leit-motif running through the Waters material for, apart from the letters of condolence which flooded in to Joan Waters during October 1954, following Frank's untimely death, most of the correspondence and much of the literary, business and ephemeral material in this section of the archive dates from the years between 1939 and 1945.
Both Frank and Joan Waters were inveterate collectors of anecdotes and quotations and much of the material collected for a projected anthology is represented here, as is the raw material for another projected volume to comprise observations about The Times over more than 150 years. Oliver Woods was also involved in collecting material for his friends to use in the latter volume but neither was ever published.
Joan Maude, as a film and stage actress of some repute, had already established a wide circle of friends when she married Frank Waters in 1933 and many of her friendships survived into the years of her marriage to Oliver Woods. Rather than arbitrarily divide such letters to Joan between the Waters and Woods correspondence, all series of correspondence with Joan which continued after Frank's death (with the exception of letters of condolence, which are in the Waters section) have been placed in a single series in the Woods correspondence. References to such series are given in the Waters correspondence.
The material relating to Oliver Woods, scholar, soldier and man of The Times, comprises more than three quarters of the Garvin/Waters/Woods archive (114 of 132 boxes).
The Woods correspondence is a fascinating melange which accurately mirrors the many facets and encyclopedic interests of Oliver Woods. Among its most valuable contents are the letters exchanged with those who played major roles in African colonial and post-colonial history. Such British governors as Sir Andrew Cohen and Sir Evelyn Baring and newly emergent African leaders including Hastings Banda took Woods into their confidence.
Many of Britain's most influential politicians also found in Oliver Woods an intelligent, sympathetic and discreet correspondent and this section of the archive includes a litany of former prime ministers: Eden, Callaghan, Douglas-Home and Heath, as well as an intimate exchange with Hugh Gaitskell and his wife. There are lengthy series of letters between Woods and many members of the Astor family, and long exchanges with former Times editors such as William Haley.
Also Woods' many former army colleagues figure prominently here, men like Sir John ("Shan") Hackett who became close friends during the war years when Major Woods acquitted himself so bravely in the desert and who, as they rose to high positions of power, provided invaluable insights and information.
This part also includes some personal and family correspondence. While Oliver's mother Viola's letters to her husband J. L. Garvin are in the Garvin part of the archive, her letters to her son and his wife are here, as are substantial exchanges between Oliver and two of his Garvin half sisters, Viola and Katherine (Gordon).
Garvin, J. L.
The collection consists of two accruals. The first accrual comprises the fonds of Colonel Steer-Webster as well as the partial fonds of Michael Harrison, author of Mulberry: The Return to Triumph (1965). Michael Harrison has written over fifty books of fiction, biography, travel and history. It consists of typescripts, correspondence, charts, sketches, photographs, maps, models. The second accrual contains correspondence addressed to H. V. Phillips in the Ministry of Supply as well as photographs, plans and printed materials.
The fonds consists mostly of photographs from World War II, with subjects including Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill at the Casablanca Conference; the Allied bombing of the Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino; troop trucks, mule trains, soldiers and civilians. There are also photographs of the U.S. capitol in 1954 and personal photographs of family and friends. The textual records include correspondence, commendations, discharge papers, and certificates relating to Longini’s military career, as well as news clippings.
Longini, Robert J.
The collection consists of typescripts, correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, reports, sheet music, printed materials (Canada, Britain, Australia and the United States) and uncatalogued pamphlets (some in German) pertaining mainly to Britain's participation in World War II. The collection is supplemented by books which have been catalogued for Archives and Research Collections, including a full set of the British Official History of the War, unit and regimental histories, biographies and autobiographies, and volumes on the various battles and operations of the British forces. There is also a poster collection which contains one photograph (#C24).
The collection consists of communications from the War Office and other agencies during and after World War II. Box 1 contains a selection of British War despatches detailing troop movements and battle outcomes. These range from roughly mid-1941 to late-1942. Box 2 contains miscellaneous materials, including British casualty lists, special army orders, army council instructions, translated versions of the Fuehrer Conferences on Naval Affairs (from 1939-42, and 1944), documents from the Civil Aeronautics Administration exploring the state of the post-war British aviation industry, and a collection of radar bulletins from 1945. Several print periodicals are also included, such as the Egyptian Mail and the Supplement to the London Gazette. Finally, box 2 also contains numerous miscellaneous materials, ranging from items published by the British Ministry of Information during wartime to Air Ministry publications from during and after the war. Wherever possible, copies have been made of some of the more illegible material in an attempt to preserve readability.
There have been three accruals. The first accrual consists mainly of World War I and II materials, although there are materials from the American Civil War and Vietnam. It includes Christmas cards, postcards, letters, pamphlets, photographs, and periodicals. Although mainly Canadian and British, other nationalities are represented. The second accrual consists of a few World War I and II items, 3 pennants, a swagger stick, a print and other items, including NORAD materials and photographs. The third accrual consists of photographs, advertising in support of the military, cards and other printed materials, and realia, all from the twentieth century. The fourth accrual is menu in the style of a fan for the Queen's Own Rifles 1912 dinner.
There are two series. The first series consists of letters P.T. Caiger wrote to Annie Wells (later his wife), 1907-1918; 1916-1918 predominant. The second series consists of letters Eric Caiger wrote to his parents, 1939-1947. There are also a few letters to him from his parents and others.
The album contains b& w photographs which depict armoured forces, including tanks, in the field. The creator of the album is not known. The pages are captioned in German and dated. The album begins with the crossing of the Mass River on 15 June 1940. War scenes in Belgium, France and Holland are depicted as well as soldiers relaxing. There are photographs of English, French and German graves. There is one photograph of prisoners. There are also some photographs back in the homeland. A listing of the German captions into English has been prepared by archival staff.
Collection consists of items originating from prisoners held in German concentration camps, internment and transit camps, Gestapo prisons, and POW camps, during and just prior to World War II. Most of the collection consists of letters written or received by prisoners, but also includes receipts for parcels, money orders and personal effects; paper currency; and realia, including Star of David badges that Jews were forced to wear.
This small collection consists of two long and detailed letters, and 34 photographs. The letters are written by an American serviceman to his mother relating what he has seen at Buchenwald following the war and during one of the trials at Nuremburg. He is only identified by his first name, Rolf. The photographs document the state of the places he was travelling: downed aircraft, troop movements, the countryside etc. In his letter about Buchenwald he references specific photographs, but these were not included as part of the archive.
Rolf, United States Serviceman
This collection consists of various pieces of ephemera and other items related to the Second World War.
This log book covers Douglas Cameron's period of active service over the European continent (Berlin, Cherbourg, Guernsey, Nuremberg, Genoa, Turin and elsewhere) -- a total of 325 flying hours in daylight and 271 hours at night. Two sorties recorded in the log resulted in the awarding of Victoria Crosses, to Rawdon H. Middleton and Sergeant Bazalgette.
The notebook titled "Royal Air Force Note Book for Workshop and Laboratory Records", dated 10 April 1940. It contains his notes on tools, carpentry, airplane construction, and hydraulics, as well as many diagrams and sketches, usually coloured.
Fonds consists of 36 letters to his parents, which were frequently censored. They are full of requests for warm clothing.
Collection of photographs, some with inscriptions in Lithuanian on the reverse, predominately showing soldiers at their barracks. There is one photograph of four nurses. Date range is taken from dated photographs, most are not dated.
The fonds consists of a scrapbook with items pasted in. There are also some loose items. There are a few items that pre-date the war such as Bessie’s Girl Guide certificate and Ronald’s choir membership card, as well as his Orderly certificate. Most of the fonds consists of sports and entertainment programmes. The theatrical programmes were mainly issued by the Entertainments National Service Association (ENSA) under the director of the Navy, Army and Air Force Institute (NAAFI). There is also a service dedication and two photographs for the Church of St. Luke, 115 British General Hospital, and one group photograph including Bessie.
The collection consists of correspondence received by H.D. Schwartz (also David and Eva Schwartz) in Brooklyn, New York from family members and acquaintances (Syma Grzebieniarz, D. Segal, R. Szware) in Otwock, Poland. Many of the post cards are self-addressed by H.D. Schwartz. Schwartz was apparently arranging for the immigration of family members from Poland to the United States, and Syma informed him of her activities in this respect. Several cards are stamped Judenrat der Stadt Otwock (and the Polish equivalent).
The correspondence relates to the health of the family members and the writers’ connection to children and family, urging loved ones to keep in touch through letters. Reference is made to Josek and Sara, Syma’s children, who live far away in Luck (under Russian control) and with whom Syma cannot communicate directly. One of the pieces of correspondence seems to be by Sara. It is to “brother” and “sister in law”, probably of Brooklyn. Sara informs them about having a baby. The baby is also a topic in Syma’s correspondence.
Written in Yiddish, the last piece of correspondence is a long letter (dated 20 March ) about the unknown writer’s experiences as he and his family tried to flee and save their lives. It, too, touches on health-related matters, conditions in the ghetto, people and neighbours who were killed by the Germans, the constant threat of being shot, locating people who are lost, and attempts to escape the ghetto to a safer place.
Jewish Ghetto in Otwock, Poland collection
The fonds consists of his Soldier’s Service and Pay Book issued13 June 1940; his certificate of transfer to the Army Reserve, 20 December 1945, a photograph of him with another soldier in 1944 and an oversize photograph, presumably of Phillips’s company but it has no identification apart from the fact that it was taken in Pirbright, Surrey by Gwyer Gibbs. Sandhurst Royal Military Academy is located in Pirbright.
Phillips, Thomas Richard