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Archival description
WWI - Other Nationalities
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Paper soldiers and battle scenes collection

  • RC0899
  • Collection
  • c.1890-c.1925

Paper soldiers were a popular children’s entertainment or decoration beginning in the 1700s, rising to a height of popularity in the mid-19th century, before all but dying out after the Second World War. This small collection typifies the range of materials on offer from the late 1800s into the post First World War period from German printers (two of the companies were in Germany, the third was in the Alsace region, which at the time was under the rule of the German Kaiser). Some are printed on heavy card (soldaten auf karton, eg. item 1) while others on thin newsprint. There are examples of a number of styles, including simple cut-outs, others that could be glued together to create three-dimensional landscapes and objects, as well as black and white images for children to colour (eg. item 13). There is also one example of the scheibenbilder (target picture) style (item 16). German is always the first language on the sheets, but many included French and English, and some Italian and Spanish, showing the world-wide market for the material.

The Carl Joseph Scholz company of Mainz (founded 1793 and still in existence as of 2015) has a long history in both the printing industry and paper soldier manufacture. At one point their distribution of toy soldiers went as far East as Russian, and west to Great Britain and North America. The company stayed in the Scholz family at least until the Second World War.

Hohenstein & Lange operated in Berlin from 1876-1906. In 1898 the company became a joint-stock company and the inclusion of Druck und Verlag, Aktiengesellschaft Berliner Luzuspapier-fabrik vorm Hohenstein & Lang on item 11, date it to this later period.

There have been many iterations of Carl Burckardt’s original company, but they all maintained a variation of the name. The paper soldiers in this collection are all printed under the Druck u. Verlag v. C. Burckardt Nacht in Weissenburg (Elsass) imprint, which existed from 1890-1906.

Maintenance Log Book for M-Class Destroyers in the British Royal Navy

  • RC0855
  • Item
  • 1917

Bound log book titled “Information concerning P.V. Gear in 13th Flotilla”. There is an index of the 26 ships listed in the log: Medway, Moresby, Narborough, Nepean, Nictator, Nereus, Norseman, Obdurate, Octavia, Oracle, Onslow, Oriana, Orpheus, Oriole, Orsis, Oberon, Pelican, Paladin, Penn, Petard, Pigeon, Paisley, Pylades (all Admiralty M-Class); Nerissa and Rival (Yarrow M-Class) and Patrician (Thornycroft M-Class). Following the index, beginning on page 100 are entries about each ship. Paravanes (P.V.) are devices towed behind a vessel at a regulated depth, so that the cable to which it is attached can cut the moorings of submerged mines. It was a new weapon in World War I. In addition to information about the paravanes, the log also contains maintenance and circuit test notes. Two of the destroyers, Oracle (p. 149) and Pasley (p. 169) had collisions with submarines.

World War, 1914-1918 poster collection

  • RC0830
  • Collection
  • 1913-1921

The collection consists of posters issued by the following British organizations: Parliamentary Recruiting Committee, London; Parliamentary War Savings Committee; National War Savings Committee; Joint Labour Recruiting Committee; Ministry of National Service; Navy; Imperial Maritime League; City of London; and Blue Cross fund. The collection also contains posters issued by the governments of Canada (includes Canadian Victory Bonds), France, United States and Germany. There are a large number of posters from Louvain, Belgium. There are also several posters issued by the German occupying forces in France and Belgium and the British occupying forces in Germany.

Edmund Blunden collection

  • RC0692
  • Collection
  • 1920-1968

There have been a number of accruals which have been combined for the purposes of description. The collection has been arranged into three series: manuscripts, correspondence, and other. It is supplemented by his books, mainly first editions, which have been catalogued for Research Collections.

Blunden, Edmund

Pelham Webb collection

  • RC0682
  • Collection
  • 1914

The fonds contains poem manuscripts and a single letter. The identity of Mrs. Russell, to whom the single letter in this collection was written and for whom the poems, addressed to "Lydia", were presumably composed, is unknown.

Webb, Arthur Pelham

Jackson family fonds

  • RC0623
  • Fonds
  • 1919-1945

The fonds consists of the elder Jackson’s demobilization certificate, his son’s Soldier’s Service and Pay Book and a Services Diary kept by the younger Jackson in 1942. The diary also contains a sheet of Indian Postage service stamps. There is also a map drawn by hand of the voyage Jackson took beginning on HMT Orion and ending in Bombay on HMT Almanzora.

Jackson family

William G. Haydon fonds

  • RC0593
  • Fonds
  • 1916-1922

The fonds consists of letters to his wife and family, official notification of his death, letters from his fellow soldiers to his wife, a notebook with brief entries of the regiment’s movements and lists of soldiers, and photographs. Most of the photographs were taken in Egypt. They include a railway station, encampments, a football pitch and camel transport, as well a photograph of Sgt. Haydon. Also included in the fonds are photographs of Haydon’s brother Ted and his wife’s brother Peter Ryan, both of whom served in the War.

Haydon, William G.

Nash's Magazine World War I collection

  • RC0592
  • Collection
  • 1914

This is a collection of fourteen letters, some addressed to the editor of Nash’s magazine, mostly written in August and September 1914, the beginning of World War I. One of the letters begins: “you have asked me for a message of encouragement to your readers in the dark hour of our country’s fortune.” The collection ranges from lengthy letters to a few lines. Literary contributors include Barry Pain, Louis Parker, Mrs. W. Desmond Humphreys, E. Temple Thurston. There are also letters from military figures (Major General Sir Henry Page Croft, Major General Sir Alfred Edward Turner, General Sir George Benjamin Wolseley). Other contributions are from Sir T. Vansittart Bowater, the Lord Mayor of London , the Archbishop of Armagh and the Bishop of Chicester.

United States Army Base Hospital No. 20 collection

  • RC0591
  • Collection
  • 1918-1920

The collection consists of the History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 20 (Philadelphia, 1920): 257 pages with many illustrations; as well as 16 photographs, 1918. The material appears to come from May Grenville of Thorold, Ontario, who served as a nurse with the hospital. There are initial photographs of her at Ellis Island, where the nurses were stationed before setting out for France. It then includes photos of the staff, as well as some of the various personnel Grenville served with in Mobile Surgery units, plus a postcard of the chapel at Chatel-Guyon, where the hospital was. In addition to photos related to the hospital, there are two photos of Canadian soldiers, as well as two photographs of grave markers at Vimy Ridge taken on 22 December 1918. The names on the grave markers are F. Thornton and Charles Grenville, her brother. Finally, there is a small, unidentified photograph of a number of women seated on one side of a sunny room. A number of the photos appear in the book.

United States Army Base Hospital No. 20

Jane Abbott fonds

  • RC0584
  • Fonds
  • 1914

The fonds consists of Jane Abbott’s diary, dated 15 May 1914, to 17 September 1914. The diary is an account of the Abbotts’ visit to Europe, primarily Vienna. The highlights of the diary are the June 28 entry relating to the assassinations and the July 2 entry in which Abbott describes witnessing the return of the bodies to Vienna. The diary also details the Abbotts’ social life in Europe, including their interactions with other American visitors such as Dr. Russell M. Wilder and his wife. The fonds includes 7 documents that were found inside the diary. One of these documents is a letter, dated 26 April 1914, written by Jane Abbott while en route to Europe aboard the TSS Kaiser Franz Joseph I, and addressed to Ruth Abbott of Chicago, likely the sister of Dr. Abbott.

Abbott, Jane

C.T. Atkinson fonds

  • RC0560
  • Fonds
  • 1926-1930

The fonds consists six letters to C.T. Atkinson, 1926-1930, regarding the publication of his book. There is one page of holograph notes, perhaps by a reviewer, news clippings of book reviews, and a publisher's circular for 1926 which does not list Atkinson's book. There are also two post cards.

Atkinson, Christopher Thomas

Diss (England) Urban Military Service Local Tribunal fonds

  • RC0556
  • Fonds
  • 1915-1918

Fonds consists of a minute book, five letters, 1916-1918, notes, and news clippings. The minutes cover the period from December 1915 to October 1918; the last set of minutes is found loose in the minute book. The bound minute book commences with a name index of those who appeared before the tribunal.

Diss Urban Military Service Local Tribunal

Betty M. B. Houghton fonds

  • RC0555
  • Fonds
  • 1914-1915.

The fonds consists of two albums containing short accounts by soldiers at the hospital of their war-time experiences, as well as poems and addresses.

Houghton, Betty M. B.

J.N. Weekes fonds

  • RC0554
  • Fonds
  • 1914-1916

The fonds consists of Weekes's journal, a bound manuscript, 88 pages in length. The first entry is dated 4 August 1914 when the ship was "laying in Medway at Sherness". The last entry is dated [June] 9, 1916 when the ship left Brindisi.

Weekes, J. N.

Saarlouis Theatrical Committee fonds

  • RC0552
  • Fonds
  • 1918

The fonds consists of a bound album compiled by E.J. Edward containing a list of all productions, cast lists, written descriptions of the costumes supplemented by watercolour illustrations of the productions, and b&w photographs of the cast in performance. There is also a b&w photograph of the committee in military uniform and a b&w photograph of the orchestra, many who were also members of the committee.

Saarlouis Theatrical Committee

Pigeon Service Message

  • RC0550
  • Item
  • 1918

The message notifies Headquarters, RGA, of a successful attack by the 2nd Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers.

Richard Parr

  • RC0547
  • Fonds
  • 1914-1915

The fonds consists of Parr's journal, a bound manuscript, 90 pages in length. The first entry in the first section is 2 Aug. [1914] when he leaves home. The next day he boarded HMS Canopus. The last dated entry is 8 June [1915] which notes orders to proceed to Malta. The next section, titled "Our Food Supply" covers the same time period. The third section contains some reflections on the ship's officers.

Parr, Richard

Gerald Blake fonds

  • RC0542
  • Fonds
  • 1914-1917

The fonds consists of letters that Gerald Blake wrote to his mother and to his brother, Clive Blake, of London, England, concerning his experiences on the Western front. There are also a few letters from Angus Macmillan to Clive Blake. Macmillan was also at the front.

Blake, Gerald John

Myers Coplans collection

  • RC0515
  • Collection
  • 1914-1921

This collection consists of water supply maps, notes, and plans detailing his work supplying good drinking and disposing of waste water generated by the army. Included are diagrams for building water chlorination/filtration systems in the field, detailed maps, and other notes.

Coplans, Myers

John Shelley fonds

  • RC0490
  • Fonds
  • 1865-1937

The fonds contains correspondence, photographs, printed materials, technical notebook and plan, and other materials.

Shelley, John

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