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Archival description
First World War, 1914-1918
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War Songs from the first half of the twentieth century collection

  • RC0583
  • Collection
  • 1898-1944

The focal point of this collection of sheet music is the First World War. These songs do not reflect the idea of war as it is commonly thought of in popular imagination: battlefields, trenches and heroic charges. These songs were not, for the most part, written for the soldiers. Instead, they reflect the daily experience of the Canadians who remained at home during the war and the way people thought about the effect the war was having on their lives and on their country. They do not address changes in society explicitly; instead they go deeper, preserving the visceral responses of Canadians to the war as it was happening. This sheet music offers an intimate picture of the conditions out of which post-war Canada grew.

Jane Abbott fonds

  • RC0584
  • Fonds
  • 1914

The fonds consists of Jane Abbott’s diary, dated 15 May 1914, to 17 September 1914. The diary is an account of the Abbotts’ visit to Europe, primarily Vienna. The highlights of the diary are the June 28 entry relating to the assassinations and the July 2 entry in which Abbott describes witnessing the return of the bodies to Vienna. The diary also details the Abbotts’ social life in Europe, including their interactions with other American visitors such as Dr. Russell M. Wilder and his wife. The fonds includes 7 documents that were found inside the diary. One of these documents is a letter, dated 26 April 1914, written by Jane Abbott while en route to Europe aboard the TSS Kaiser Franz Joseph I, and addressed to Ruth Abbott of Chicago, likely the sister of Dr. Abbott.

Abbott, Jane

Albert E. Adams fonds

  • RC0585
  • Fonds
  • 1916-1926

Fonds consists of correspondence with four enclosures and two newspaper clippings. Correspondence amounts to 77 letters by Albert E. Adams to his mother Sarah (Heighes) Adams and one letter to his sister Elsie Adams. Enclosures consist of British propaganda literature to be dropped over German lines, two humourous military publications by Pte. W. Silk, and a battalion Christmas card, in which are listed all officers of the 134th Battalion, including Adams. One newspaper clipping concerns his death, taken from the Toronto Star of 8 October 1918. The other clipping, from an unknown source dated 26 August 1926, concerns the battle of Arras-Cambrai, in which Adams died.

Adams, Albert Ernest

Bruce Doherty fonds

  • RC0586
  • Fonds
  • 1917-1926

The fonds consists of 53 black and white photographs and photographic postcards, most showing World War I aircraft. Many have messages or annotations on the reverse side. They have been organized into five groupings: those showing Bruce Doherty, those identified as Toronto, those identified as Texas, those showing airmen and aircraft, and others (includes one Christmas card).

Doherty, Bruce

World War, 1914-1918, communications collection

  • RC0587
  • Collection
  • 1914-1918

The collection consists of two collections of communications used during World War I. One collection is labelled “postal history”; the other is called “soldiers correspondence”. Both collections contain post cards of various types including official ones. The postal history collection is mounted on nine numbered sheets, and contains explanatory text typed on the bottom. It also has one letter. It may have been compiled by Keith Powell of the Guilford Philosophy Society, as his name is written on the back of each sheet. The soldiers correspondence collection is mounted on eleven sheets which are not numbered; it also has a title page. Explanatory text appears on each page; the text has been printed from a computer.

United States Army Base Hospital No. 20 collection

  • RC0591
  • Collection
  • 1918-1920

The collection consists of the History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 20 (Philadelphia, 1920): 257 pages with many illustrations; as well as 16 photographs, 1918. The material appears to come from May Grenville of Thorold, Ontario, who served as a nurse with the hospital. There are initial photographs of her at Ellis Island, where the nurses were stationed before setting out for France. It then includes photos of the staff, as well as some of the various personnel Grenville served with in Mobile Surgery units, plus a postcard of the chapel at Chatel-Guyon, where the hospital was. In addition to photos related to the hospital, there are two photos of Canadian soldiers, as well as two photographs of grave markers at Vimy Ridge taken on 22 December 1918. The names on the grave markers are F. Thornton and Charles Grenville, her brother. Finally, there is a small, unidentified photograph of a number of women seated on one side of a sunny room. A number of the photos appear in the book.

United States Army Base Hospital No. 20

Nash's Magazine World War I collection

  • RC0592
  • Collection
  • 1914

This is a collection of fourteen letters, some addressed to the editor of Nash’s magazine, mostly written in August and September 1914, the beginning of World War I. One of the letters begins: “you have asked me for a message of encouragement to your readers in the dark hour of our country’s fortune.” The collection ranges from lengthy letters to a few lines. Literary contributors include Barry Pain, Louis Parker, Mrs. W. Desmond Humphreys, E. Temple Thurston. There are also letters from military figures (Major General Sir Henry Page Croft, Major General Sir Alfred Edward Turner, General Sir George Benjamin Wolseley). Other contributions are from Sir T. Vansittart Bowater, the Lord Mayor of London , the Archbishop of Armagh and the Bishop of Chicester.

William G. Haydon fonds

  • RC0593
  • Fonds
  • 1916-1922

The fonds consists of letters to his wife and family, official notification of his death, letters from his fellow soldiers to his wife, a notebook with brief entries of the regiment’s movements and lists of soldiers, and photographs. Most of the photographs were taken in Egypt. They include a railway station, encampments, a football pitch and camel transport, as well a photograph of Sgt. Haydon. Also included in the fonds are photographs of Haydon’s brother Ted and his wife’s brother Peter Ryan, both of whom served in the War.

Haydon, William G.

Petrolia (Ont.) Mayor's Office

  • RC0594
  • Item
  • 1914-1918

Subscripton list to purchase Webb equipment, military field glasses and Colt automatics for presentation to Captains M.D. MacKenzie and R.D. Caldwell of the 34th, Canadian Expeditionary Force. This list contains signatures of those willing to donate.

Mrs. Bromley collection

  • RC0595
  • Collection
  • 1916-1917

The collection consists of the letter to Mrs. Bromley and well as two photgraphs of presumably Canadian troops. One is a postcard photograph. The other is identified as "C sub-section, A.S.C. Section, G.H.Q., 3rd Echelon" and was taken in Rouen, France in September 1916. On the verso of the photograph are signatures of the soldiers -- some of them have very small pasted photographs beside their signatures.

Bromley, Mrs.

Jackson family fonds

  • RC0623
  • Fonds
  • 1919-1945

The fonds consists of the elder Jackson’s demobilization certificate, his son’s Soldier’s Service and Pay Book and a Services Diary kept by the younger Jackson in 1942. The diary also contains a sheet of Indian Postage service stamps. There is also a map drawn by hand of the voyage Jackson took beginning on HMT Orion and ending in Bombay on HMT Almanzora.

Jackson family

Clingan family fonds

  • RC0624
  • Fonds
  • 1900-1953

The fonds consists of correspondence, photographs and artwork. There are three letters associated with Clingan: one letter he wrote as a child to his father, one letter from A. Clingan that discusses him during World War I, and a third letter from a pal of his written on 9 January 1916. There are sixteen letters written by his son-in-law Lt. Colin Murray to his wife from Hannover in 1953. Graphic material includes a portrait of Clingan during World War II taken in Kirkgate, Yorks. and a caricature of him (pencil, ink, water-colour) at Aldershot in 1941. There are photographs of the Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa in 1940 and 1942; the Stoney Creek Band; the 260th Barracks, 2nd River; a Canadian troopship bound for Siberia; picture postcards of Vladivostock, and unidentified military photographs. Most of the photographs were removed from frames – numbers are written on the verso but their meaning is not known. Also in the fonds is a photograph of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, at a military base, a kilt pin, printed “Returned Soldiers’ Insurance” certificates issued to Clingan in 1930, and a printed issue of the Cameron Highlanders’ Journal from 1939. Clingan’s medals were sold at Bonhams in May 2009 and do not form part of this fonds.

Clingan family

Roy Stephenson fonds

  • RC0636
  • Fonds
  • 1914-1936

The fonds (seven numbered files, files 10-16) consists of the following: (10) correspondence, 1914-36, including a postcard from Captain W.J. Peppiart about Stephenson’s enlistment, a letter from Edwin, 2 greeting cards from Norma (his sister), and a photocopy of a letter from Roy to Harry (Henry Arthur Stephenson, 22 October 1918); (11) 8 b&w photographs (several being reproductions), including group photograph of the Burlington Volunteers, 1st Canadian Contingent, and the grave site of A.T. Thomson at Mount St. Eloi Cemetery; (12) black notebook of WWI news clippings and other clippings of the period; (13) ephemeral publications, including Thanksgiving Service Canadian Corps Vimy Ridge (April 9th 1917), Regimental Songs Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1915, The 1st Canadian Division in the Battle of 1918, The Listening Post (no. 22, 15 February 1917), The Rose of No Man’s Land (music score), Bruce Bairnsfather’s Fragments from France, part VI, and the War Pictorial (embarkation number, part four); (14) WWI medal and brass buttons from Stephenson’s coat; (15) discharge certificate, 2 June 1919; (16) information about Stephenson’s war record from Gwendoline Stephenson, his daughter, and a copy of Stephenson’s attestation papers.

Stephenson, Roy

J. McQueen Moyes collection

  • RC0658
  • Collection
  • 1916-1918

This collection consists of:

  1. A poem written and illustrated by Moyes about the Second Battle of Ypres, at Saint Julien, Belgium. [1915].
  2. “Ready for the Trenches. Every man is now equipped with a splinter proof helmet before going to the Trenches.” 13th Can. Batt. Pen and ink illustration. 1916.
  3. “Map showing position of Rest Billets.” A pen and ink map of the area just north of Bailleul and Meteren, France, notes the location of the 13th-16th Battalions. On the back are listed five casualties are listed on the back. [1916?].

Moyes, John McQueen

Herbert Stuart Finn maps

  • RC0659
  • Collection
  • 1916-1918

The collection consists of maps from the First World War.

Finn, Herbert Stuart

Pelham Webb collection

  • RC0682
  • Collection
  • 1914

The fonds contains poem manuscripts and a single letter. The identity of Mrs. Russell, to whom the single letter in this collection was written and for whom the poems, addressed to "Lydia", were presumably composed, is unknown.

Webb, Arthur Pelham

Edmund Blunden collection

  • RC0692
  • Collection
  • 1920-1968

There have been a number of accruals which have been combined for the purposes of description. The collection has been arranged into three series: manuscripts, correspondence, and other. It is supplemented by his books, mainly first editions, which have been catalogued for Research Collections.

Blunden, Edmund

Douglas U. McGregor fonds

  • RC0729
  • Fonds
  • [1914]-[196?]

The fonds consists of a letter, photographs and news clippings concerning McGregor's military career; and a photograph and news clippings concerning his younger son, Dr. Douglas Donald McGregor.

McGregor, Douglas U.

World War, 1914-1918 poster collection

  • RC0830
  • Collection
  • 1913-1921

The collection consists of posters issued by the following British organizations: Parliamentary Recruiting Committee, London; Parliamentary War Savings Committee; National War Savings Committee; Joint Labour Recruiting Committee; Ministry of National Service; Navy; Imperial Maritime League; City of London; and Blue Cross fund. The collection also contains posters issued by the governments of Canada (includes Canadian Victory Bonds), France, United States and Germany. There are a large number of posters from Louvain, Belgium. There are also several posters issued by the German occupying forces in France and Belgium and the British occupying forces in Germany.

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