The item is a Bill of Treason written on parchment against William Rogers. He is described as “not having the fear of God in his heart but being moved and seduced by the instigation of the Devil”. It is stated he wished to “depose our said Lady the Queen … and to bring and put our said Lady the Queen to death.” He was specifically charged with offences that took place before, after and on 4 December  in the Township of York. They included plotting an insurrection against the Queen, persuading others to join this insurrection, and assembling, with around fifty others, armed with guns, muskets, rifles, bullets, bayonets, swords, pikes and other weapons. The document is signed by the jury foreman, J. W. Gamble, and witnesses.