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Archival description
Fonds Second World War, 1939-1945
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E. H. Cookridge fonds

  • RC0033
  • Fonds
  • 1905-1979

The fonds consists mainly of materials related to his writing, as well as a large monograph collection.

Cookridge, E. H.

John Edward (Jack) de Hart fonds

  • RC0069
  • Fonds
  • 1935-1985

The fonds mainly consists of albums of photographs. The photographs include his Coronation trip, military (including Korea), the Alaska Highway, his involvement with the St. John Ambulance, Prince Richard (Duke of Gloucester) and Governor-General Jeanne Sauve. There are also some printed materials, some of which concern the Wright family. There is one letter.

De Hart, John Edward (Jack)

J. L. Garvin, Frank Waters, and Oliver Woods fonds

  • RC0094
  • Fonds
  • 1919-1981

J.L. Garvin:
The major treasure of this part is the series of letters between Garvin and Viola Woods, Oliver’s mother and Garvin’s future wife. Viola was unhappily married to the writer Maurice Woods when she first met Garvin but the death of Garvin’s first wife in 1918 seems to have spurred her to divorce – still an unfamiliar and scandalous procedure among the upper classes of early twentieth-century England. The couple’s efforts to marry were further complicated by their Roman Catholic religion, by Garvin’s influential position in British society and by the eccentric behavior of Viola’s sister, Una Troubridge, who had left her husband to become the lover of the notorious Radycliffe Hall. All these stresses are reflected in the passionate letters they wrote to one another between 1919 and their marriage in 1921.

Almost as valuable for the light which they throw upon Garvin in his final years, is the series of letters to his stepson Oliver Woods who was serving with distinction in a tank regiment during the Second World War. Perhaps significantly, apart from a single earlier example, Garvin's wartime communications with Oliver commence in March 1942, a month after he had ended his thirty-four year long editorship of The Observer. Although he soon began to write regularly for the Sunday Express it is probable that, with the burdens of editorial responsibility lifted, Garvin was able to devote more time to his correspondence and to following the fortunes of the war, and in particular to the fortunes of his beloved Oliver.

Frank Waters:
Frank Waters was not a journalist of the stature of J. L. Garvin and while the Waters material, included as Part II of this archive, lacks both the chronological and geographical scope of the Woods section, Waters was a man of intelligence, sensitivity and real literary ability. His journals, especially those which he kept during the Second World War are important and immensely readable with the kind of literary polish for which his friend Oliver Woods was only to find time in his published work. Indeed the Second World War is like a leit-motif running through the Waters material for, apart from the letters of condolence which flooded in to Joan Waters during October 1954, following Frank's untimely death, most of the correspondence and much of the literary, business and ephemeral material in this section of the archive dates from the years between 1939 and 1945.

Both Frank and Joan Waters were inveterate collectors of anecdotes and quotations and much of the material collected for a projected anthology is represented here, as is the raw material for another projected volume to comprise observations about The Times over more than 150 years. Oliver Woods was also involved in collecting material for his friends to use in the latter volume but neither was ever published.

Joan Maude, as a film and stage actress of some repute, had already established a wide circle of friends when she married Frank Waters in 1933 and many of her friendships survived into the years of her marriage to Oliver Woods. Rather than arbitrarily divide such letters to Joan between the Waters and Woods correspondence, all series of correspondence with Joan which continued after Frank's death (with the exception of letters of condolence, which are in the Waters section) have been placed in a single series in the Woods correspondence. References to such series are given in the Waters correspondence.

Oliver Woods
The material relating to Oliver Woods, scholar, soldier and man of The Times, comprises more than three quarters of the Garvin/Waters/Woods archive (114 of 132 boxes).

The Woods correspondence is a fascinating melange which accurately mirrors the many facets and encyclopedic interests of Oliver Woods. Among its most valuable contents are the letters exchanged with those who played major roles in African colonial and post-colonial history. Such British governors as Sir Andrew Cohen and Sir Evelyn Baring and newly emergent African leaders including Hastings Banda took Woods into their confidence.

Many of Britain's most influential politicians also found in Oliver Woods an intelligent, sympathetic and discreet correspondent and this section of the archive includes a litany of former prime ministers: Eden, Callaghan, Douglas-Home and Heath, as well as an intimate exchange with Hugh Gaitskell and his wife. There are lengthy series of letters between Woods and many members of the Astor family, and long exchanges with former Times editors such as William Haley.

Also Woods' many former army colleagues figure prominently here, men like Sir John ("Shan") Hackett who became close friends during the war years when Major Woods acquitted himself so bravely in the desert and who, as they rose to high positions of power, provided invaluable insights and information.

This part also includes some personal and family correspondence. While Oliver's mother Viola's letters to her husband J. L. Garvin are in the Garvin part of the archive, her letters to her son and his wife are here, as are substantial exchanges between Oliver and two of his Garvin half sisters, Viola and Katherine (Gordon).

Garvin, J. L.

Wallace McClung Donnelly

  • RC0095
  • Fonds
  • 1937-2005

The fonds consists of materials from his time in high school and university and then his military career.

Donnelly, Wallace McClung

Harold Brownlee Stuart fonds

  • RC0098
  • Fonds
  • 1915-2003

The fonds consists of military and personal documents, photographs, news clippings and other materials from his time in the First and Second World Wars as well as some material from the interwar and post-war years.

Stuart, Harold Brownlee

Blanche and Edward Frappier fonds

  • RC0099
  • Fonds
  • 1943-1946

The fonds largely consists of letters written by Edward to Blanche Frappier while Edward served at the HMCS Cornwallis, HMCS Stadacona, and HMCS Scotian shore-based training facilities in Nova Scotia. Letters were also written during Edward’s service on the HMCS Kenogami and the HMCS Glace Bay. These letters are addressed to Blanche while she resided in the Trinity Barracks in Long Branch, Ontario. There is one letter to Edward from Blanche, 26 July 1945.

Frappier, Blanche

James F. Westhead fonds

  • RC0100
  • Fonds
  • 1942-1946

The fonds contains letters and cards written to Westhead while he was overseas. The letters are from Westhead’s wife, Maud Westhead, his brother, George Herbert (“Herb”) Westhead, his father, George Westhead, his mother, and his sister, May Brown, all written from 878 Windermere Ave., Toronto Ontario. Some letters from Maud are written from the Lakeshore Hotel in Picton, Ontario. Other correspondents include Art and Ethel Clarke, of Toronto, and other friends and family members. The fonds also contains photographs – four of Maud and two of Westhead’s nephew, Douglas Brown, one of which includes Herb Westhead.

Westhead, James F.

George Stephen Vickers fonds

  • RC0158
  • Fonds
  • 1912-[2011]

The fonds consists primarily of Stephen’s correspondence with Elizabeth. There are a few letters from her to him and additional letters with other correspondents. There is also some of his and Elizabeth's academic research and writing, as well as documents from their lives. There is a useful biography of key people written by Daniel Vickers that will provide context for the documents. The fonds is arranged in three series: correspondence; writings; and other documents.

Vickers, George Stephen

Fredrick William Vickers fonds

  • RC0159
  • Fonds
  • 1942-[2011]

The fonds consists primarily of Fred’s correspondence to Margaret and his parents. Additionally, there are a number of photographs taken while he served, and documents from his life. As well, there are a number of highly detailed maps first from his training and then from the war. The fonds consists of four series: correspondence; photographs, military service and miscellaneous; and maps.

Vickers, Fredrick William

Robert J. Longini fonds

  • RC0325
  • Fonds
  • 1954-1996

The fonds consists mostly of photographs from World War II, with subjects including Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill at the Casablanca Conference; the Allied bombing of the Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino; troop trucks, mule trains, soldiers and civilians. There are also photographs of the U.S. capitol in 1954 and personal photographs of family and friends. The textual records include correspondence, commendations, discharge papers, and certificates relating to Longini’s military career, as well as news clippings.

Longini, Robert J.

McDaniel family

  • RC0332
  • Fonds
  • 1938-1945

The fonds primarily consists of correspondence between the family during the Second World War.

McDaniel Family

Allan Burgess Dove fonds

  • RC0333
  • Fonds
  • 1943-1945

The fonds, which relates to Dove’s activities during World War II as Lieutenant Colonel of the Royal Engineers, consists of mine detection reports, technical drawings, photographs, inventory of machinery, and correspondence concerning war risks insurance.

Dove, Allan B.

Leslie McFarlane fonds

  • RC0335
  • Fonds
  • 1889-2005

The archive consists of material related to his writing, including scripts, manuscripts, essays, and other material. Of note is his first published essay from 1918. There are extensive diaries from 1929-1951, including detailed accounts of the Great Depression and the Second World War. There is also correspondence, photographs, clippings, and other published material.

McFarlane, Leslie

Gordon Griffith fonds

  • RC0355
  • Fonds
  • 1942-2009

The fonds consists of Griffith’s in-flight navigator’s reports of bombing raids over German targets, detailing height, speed, temperature, instrument checks, unusual incidents, bomb release time, course flown, special instructions, and observations, and corresponding course maps. Fifty-two of the maps included in this fonds are World War II Bomber Charts, namely Topographical Maps, Lattice Topographical Maps, Radar Plotting Charts, Plotting Series Maps, Aeronautical Maps, and Canadian Air Navigation Charts. There are also three notebooks.

The fonds also contains an air force uniform (Pilot Officer jacket, trousers, felt “long johns,” two Royal Air Force “blue shirts.”); Griffith’s shoulder boards and air force and officer hats; 5 navigation protractors (3 of which are handmade); various patch badges including air force, army and naval items; and sample plexiglass from an aircraft window; a sample of airframe; field wound dressing (unused); and a sewing kit, for buttons, badges, and repairs.

There is also biographical information about Griffith and his crew (including the correspondence to Kennedy from Bath and an article from McLean's Magazine, September 2009 describing Operation Gisela); Leave Guide for London (a YMCA brochure), an issue of Time and Tide: Independent Non-Party dated 14 April 1945; 7 annotated photographs of the Halifax III and its crew, a Crew Roster for the 76th Squadron RAF for the week ending 22 December 1944.

Griffith, Gordon

Caiger family fonds

  • RC0384
  • Fonds
  • 1907-1947

There are two series. The first series consists of letters P.T. Caiger wrote to Annie Wells (later his wife), 1907-1918; 1916-1918 predominant. The second series consists of letters Eric Caiger wrote to his parents, 1939-1947. There are also a few letters to him from his parents and others.

Caiger family

Alfred Beverly Brewer fonds

  • RC0387
  • Fonds
  • 1932-1940

The fonds consists of photographs, post-card letters, and printed documents, relating to his military career. Batteries included in this fonds are: 79th Field Battery, 27th and 51st Anti-Tank Battery, 90th Battery, also the 6th Field BDE, and Troops A and C.

Brewer, Alfred Beverley

J.D.C. McTavish fonds

  • RC0402
  • Fonds
  • 1941-1946

The fonds consists of correspondence, as well as some printed materials including souvenirs and news clippings.

McTavish, John D.C.

Charles Bridges fonds

  • RC0403
  • Fonds
  • 1919-1945

The problem with this collection of photographs is that two entirely different looking men are indentified as being Charles Bridges. One Bridges (A) is photographed with a bomb and given the rank of Major although the caption indicates doubt about this. The other man (B) is in the uniform of the RCE and is identified as a Captain whose first name is given only as “C”, presumably for Charles. However, the photograph is stamped on the back “Mond Nickel Co. Ltd”, a company that merged with INCO in 1929, a decade before the war began. There are several matches to Bridges (B) in the photograph collection made by the archivist There are only two matches to (A). It is not possible to match the three non-military photographs to either man. The album of negatives contains the information (presumably in the seller’s handwriting) that Bridges was at a bomb defusing school in Horsham, England from Nov. 1940 to May 1942.

The photographs were by compiled by an unknown individual who captioned the album “Major Charles Bridges, RCE, 148 WWII Photos. English bomb school & with the Canadian Expeditionary Forces in Holland.” The complier placed a photograph of Bridges (A) on the cover. Most of the photographs are not captioned. A few of the photographs are identified as being taken in Holland; one was noted as Box Hill (England); another was captioned as Taplow Hospital, i.e. the Canadian Red Cross Hospital in Taplow, Berks. The captions are done in different hands. Only two of the war photographs are dated, one 1944, the other 1945. Some are stamped as being printed in Appledoorn, Holland. The pictures depict bombs, military camps and vehicles, nurses and hospitals, ships including the Empress of Britain, a garden party, and a parade. The album of negatives contains an index by Bridges of what was photographed in Surrey, Hampshire and Somerset from 1940 to 1942. The index begins with huts at 4 C.C.S. in Dorking in Oct. 1940. Also included are B Company at Box Hill, Whiteley Camp, Bramshott, Porlock Moors, D Company Officers’ Quarters, Captain Curry (adjutant), Major MacClintock, Colonel and Mrs. Henshaw, Easter Sunday Services at Wentworth, Canadian Corps Field Punishment Camp, Park Lane in London, Nurse Terry Healy at Box Hill, some German bombs, Horsham Bomb Disposal (B.D.) school, demolitions at Epsom, Charles Bridges, Jo Bridges (wife of Charles Bridges) and Captain Bates, among many others. The handwriting of the index matches the caption on the Box Hill photograph in the album which contains an image of Bridges (B).

Bridges, Charles

Hutcheson family fonds

  • RC0476
  • Fonds
  • 1939-1945

The fonds consists of: five Canadian military medals in original boxes with ribbons, including the Atlantic Star, War Medal 1939-1945, the Defence Medal, the 1939-1945 Star, and Canadian Volunteer Service Medal; 15 other medals and pins (the Atlantic Star, the 1939-1945 Star (2), two War Medals 1939-45, two 1939-1945 Canada Voluntary, RAF wings, two inscribed white cross pins, the France and Germany Star, the Italy Star, the Defence Medal, maple leaf, and Navy bracelet (inscribed R. Bazett Hutcheson); Royal Canadian Navy black double breasted “Undress Coat” with eight gilt buttons, with rank insignia of Lieutenant Commander; 45audio disc (vinyl), 78 rpm, being “a message to some nice people” by Eric [Harry Hutcheson]”, 9-6-42 [9 June 1942]; framed b&w photograph of Sub-Lieutenant R. B. Hutcheson, R.C.N.V.R., July 1941, by Chimo of Halifax, Nova Scotia; two framed pencil drawings of Eric Harry Hutcheson by Debenham Gould, Bournemouth.

Hutcheson family

Nancy B. Kennedy-Reid fonds

  • RC0492
  • Fonds
  • 1940-1971

The fonds consists of three scrapbooks containing among other things: mimeographs of daily orders, and nominal rolls; photographs, including wounded soldiers after the Dieppe raid, hospitals, British countryside scenes, and Italian scenes including the Amalfi coast and Rome letters and cards newsletters, newspapers, including The Maple Leaf and The Red Patch and news clippings, programs, invitations, realia, including medals, identification bracelet, and a piece of shrapnel.

Kennedy-Reid, Nancy B.

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