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Registo de autoridade

King, James

  • RC0004
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1942-

James King was born in Springfield, Mass. on 14 June 1942. He received his M.A. in 1969 and Ph.D in 1970 from Princeton University. He was Assistant Professor of English at Loyola College, 1970-71, and from 1971-77 at McMaster University. He became Associate Professor of English at McMaster in 1977 and Professor of English in 1983. He was Chair of the McMaster Association for Eighteenth Century Studies from 1984-88.

He has been a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada since 1993. King has received several prestigious awards, including the John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, 1980-81, and the Killam Research Fellow Award, 1988-90. His scholarly works have gained him the rank of University Professor. He is co-editor of The Letters and Prose Writings of William Cowper, (4 vols., 1979-86) and the author of many biographies. He is also a novelist.

Mendelson, Alan

  • RC0007
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1939-

Alan Mendelson, Professor Emeritus in Religious Studies at McMaster University (appointed to the position of Assistant Professor in 1976), was born on 30 July 1939 in Washington, D.C. He is a graduate of three universities: A.B., Kenyon College, 1961; M.A. in the History of Ideas, Brandeis University, 1965; and Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1971. He is the author or editor of several books: Secular Education in Philo of Alexandria (1982); Philo’s Jewish Identity (1988); From Bergen-Belsen to Baghdad: the Letters of Alex Aronson (with Joan Michelson, ed., 1992); Frye and the Word: Religious Contexts in the Writings of Northrop Frye (with Jeffery Donaldson, ed., 2004); and Exiles from Nowhere: the Jews and the Canadian Elite (2008).

Connell, John

  • RC0017
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1909-1965

John Connell, whose real name was John Henry Robertson, was born in 1909 in the West Indies. He was educated at Loretto School in Scotland and Balliol College, Oxford, whence he emerged B.A. to join the London Evening News as a reporter in 1932. He wrote several novels during the 1930s, the first being Lindesay. During his wartime service, Connell acted as Chief Military Censor in India, and directed the British propaganda campaign in the Middle East which was designed to assure the Arab community of Britain's imminent victory. Thereafter the war exercised a strong hold on Connell's mind, evident in the military biographies he wrote later and in his choice of books for review in the London Evening News. In 1950 he won a literary prize for his book W.E. Henley, and in 1956 contributed the booklet on Churchill to the Writer's and Their Work series. Connell's last two works were Auchinleck (1959), and Wavell (1964). Connell died on October 1965, before he could complete the second volume of Wavell.

Geochemical Society

  • RC0020
  • Pessoa coletiva
  • 1955-

The Geochemical Society was founded on 7 November 1955. The purpose of the Society is to encourage the application of chemistry to the solution of geological and cosmological problems. It is an international organization, based in the United States, with its membership predominantly university professors. The Society honours outstanding contributions by individual scientists annually by presenting the F.W. Clarke Award, V.M. Goldschmidt Award and the Clair C. Patterson Award. Its principal publication, co-sponsored by the Meteoritical Society, is Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

Watkins, Margaret

  • RC0024
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1884-1969

Margaret Watkins was born Meta Gladys Watkins on 8 November 1884 in Hamilton, Ontario. Her parents were Frederick W. Watkins and Marion Watt Anderson. Mr. Watkins was an alderman, head of the YMCA, a trustee of the Centenary Methodist Church, a knight of the temperance movement, and a prominent dry goods merchant. He was owner of Pratt & Watkins and later Frederick W. Watkins stores. Marion Watt Anderson was from Glasgow, Scotland. She was active in art and music.

Watkins left home in 1908. She worked in various artists' communities, including the Roycrofters in East Aurora, New York from 1909 to 1910, and the Lanier Camp in Maine from 1911 to 1916. She lived in Boston from 1912 to 1915, where she published the occasional poem and designed costumes for amateur plays. She attended the Clarence H. White Summer School of Photography in Maine in 1914 and worked as an apprentice photographer with the Arthur Jamieson Studio in Boston. In 1915 Watkins moved to New York City and began work for Alice Boughton. She attended and taught at the Clarence H. White School of Photography. Watkins's photographic works were exhibited in a number of locations, including San Francisco, Seattle, New York, Java, Japan and London.

Watkins became a successful commercial photographer specializing in portraits and still life works. She was commissioned by Macy's and J. Walter Thompson to photograph items. Watkins also trained some of the best commercial photographers of her time including Paul Outerbridge, Ralph Steiner and Margaret Bourke-White. Watkins was actively involved with the Pictorial Photographers of America, The Art Center and the Zonta Club of New York. In 1928, Watkins left for a six-week holiday in Europe. When she arrived, she took over caring for her maiden aunts and never returned to New York.

Watkins continued to photograph in Europe and was a member of the West of Scotland Photographic Club and the Royal Photographic Society. She photographed trips to the USSR, Germany and France (1928-1933). She and her friend, Bertha Henson (nee Merriman), began an import/export business in the late thirties. Margaret Watkins died in Glasgow on 10 November 1969.

Musgrave, Susan

  • RC0025
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1951-

Susan Musgrave was born on March 12, 1951 in Santa Cruz, California. She has lived in Hawaii, Ireland, England and Columbia and presently resides in Sidney, British Columbia. She is married to Stephen Reid whose fonds is also at McMaster. She has published novels, children's books, collections of essays and poetry. Her published works include Entrance of the Celebrant (1972), Selected Strawberries and Other Poems (1977), The Charcoal Burners (1980), The Dancing Chicken (1987), Great Musgrave (1989) Forcing the Narcissus (1994), The Situation in Which We Are Both Amateurs (1997), Things That Keep and Do Not Change (1999) and Cargo of Orchids (2000) and Origami Dove (2011).

Bowerbank, Sylvia

  • RC0027
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1947-2005

Sylvia Lorraine Bowerbank was born on July 19, 1947 in Hamilton, Ontario and spent her early years at Baptiste Lake. It was during this period that she developed her appreciation of nature which was to influence her throughout her life. She attended Carleton University, the University of Toronto and Simon Fraser University, receiving her B.A. (1970) and her Ph.D (1985) in English from McMaster University.

It was at McMaster that she began as Assistant Professor in the Department of English and Cultural Studies and Arts and Science in 1986. At the time of her death in 2005, she was Professor of English and Cultural Studies. She was one of the founders of the Women’s Studies Program and was also a Co-Chair of the President’s Committee on Indigenous Issues. She sat on international editorial boards for journals and executive committees for international associations and was also the vice-president, then the president of the Canadian Women’s Studies Association. During her career, she received several honours for her contributions to undergraduate education: she was nominated six times for teaching awards and received a McMaster Student Union Teaching Award (1986-87). She also received the McMaster Student Environmental Recognition Award (2002) and a Special Recognition Award from the President’s Committee on Indigenous Issues and Indigenous Studies Program (2002).

Her scholarship has been foundational in a number of fields: early modern cultural studies, focusing on women’s texts and history; ecocriticism; literature and science studies; and indigenous cultures. She published widely in books and journals. Her book on seventeenth century women’s writing, entitled, Speaking for Nature: Women and Ecologies in Early Modern England (Johns Hopkins U.P.) was published in 2004.

Howard, S. H. (Sid)

  • RC0028
  • Pessoa singular
  • [c.1880?]-

Sid Howard worked for both The Robert Simpson Company as a manager of city advertising and as chief of copy staff at A. McKim Ltd., an advertising agency. He served in the Ottawa Press Gallery for The Toronto Daily Star. During World War I he was assistant director of publicity for the Canada Food Board. Howard was an editor for Rod and Gun and wrote extensively on hunting and fishing. He did important research on the James Bay area and Moose Factory before the advent of the railway in northern Ontario. He also wrote numerous adventure-style short stories and articles for Canadian and American journals and newspapers. Howard was a member of the Arts and Letters Club and The Saturday Club of Toronto.

Amalgamated Transit Union

  • RC0029
  • Pessoa coletiva
  • 1899-

Division 107 of the Amalgamated Association of Street Railway and Motor Coach Employees of America was established in Hamilton, Ont. on 9 April 1899 and signed its first agreement with the Hamilton Street Railway Company in June 1900. In 1957 the union began to represent workers at Canada Coach Lines Ltd. as well. Employees of the Public Service Commission of Galt, Ontario (later re-named Cambridge, Ont.) were added in 1962. In 1964 the union's name was changed to the Amalgamated Transit Workers. Mississauga Transit system workers joined the local in 1970.

Cookridge, E. H.

  • RC0033
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1908-1979

E. H. Cookridge was born Edward Spiro on 8 May 1908 in Vienna, the son of Paul and Rosa Cookridge Spiro. He was educated at the Universities of Vienna, Lausanne, and London. He worked as a foreign correspondent and editor for various British and American newspapers and later became a broadcaster both on the British Broadcasting Corporation and the American Broadcasting Company. As a correspondent he wrote under a number of pseudonyms including: Peter Leighton, Peter Morland, Ronald Reckitt, and Edward H. Spire. From 1939 to 1945 he served in Intelligence for the British Army. His first book was Secrets of the British Secret Service (1948). He was a prolific author, one of his most popular books being The Third Man: The Truth about Kim Philby (1968). Cookridge died in 1979.

Canadian Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

  • RC0034
  • Pessoa coletiva
  • 1958-1965

The organization was founded in the winter of 1958 by Mary Van Stolk of Edmonton to protest the dangers of nuclear fallout. Mrs. Stolk travelled across Canada, meeting clergymen, businessmen, academics, politicians, and others, gathering a consensus to form a national committee. Hugh L. Keenlyside was named provisional chairman of the committee which was then named the Committee for the Control of Radiation Hazards. In March 1961 the national office was set up in Toronto. Mrs. Van Stolk was replaced as Executive Secretary by F.C. Hunnius. The major policy initiative of the group was a national petition against nuclear weapons for Canada. In the winter of 1962 the organization changed its name to the Canadian Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CCND). The organization was active until 1965.

United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers. Local 504 (Hamilton, Ont.)

  • RC0041
  • Pessoa coletiva
  • 1937-1992

In March 1937 a group of workers at Westinghouse Electric Corporation started to organize a union. Bert McClure, an electrician, acting as a volunteer organizer in Hamilton, contacted the United Electrical union at Buffalo, New York and charter number 504 was issued. In 1977, 504 divided into 504 and 550. In 1992 the United Electrical union was merged into the National Automobile, Aerospace, Transportation and General Workers Union of Canada (CAW Canada). CAW merged with Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union of Canada (CEP) to form Unifor, maintaining Local 504. An early history by C. S. Jackson, "UE Canada: 30 Years, 1937-1967", can be found in the master file.

United Steelworkers of America. District 6 (Toronto, Ont.)

  • RC0048
  • Pessoa coletiva
  • 1942-

The Steelworkers' Organizing Committee, which had already organized many workers, met in Cleveland in 1942 to found the United Steelworkers of America (USWA). Canada was divided into two districts: District 5 which included Quebec and the Maritime provinces and District 6 which included the rest of Canada, from Ontario to British Columbia. Around 1960 District 6 was reduced to cover only Ontario. In 1996 Atlantic Canada rejoined District 6. John Mitchell was the first director of District 6. Other directors include: Larry Sefton who was elected director in 1953, Lynn Williams in 1973, F. Stewart Cooke in 1977, Dave Patterson in 1981 and Leo Gerard in 1988. The current director is Harry Hynd. In the early days of the USWA, members were employed in either the steel or mining industries. Nowadays they are employed in many additional sectors of the economy, including hospitals, universities, hotels, warehouses, bakeries, banks, and transportation.

Locks' Press

  • RC0049
  • Pessoa coletiva
  • 1978-2013

Locks’ Press was a private press, owned and operated by Fred and Margaret Lock in Kingston, Ontario. The press was originally established in 1978 in Brisbane, Australia, where the Locks’ resided from 1974 to 1987. The first book from the press was published there in 1979 and by 1987 when they moved to Canada, the Press had produced seven books. In Kingston, Fred Lock received an appointment as Professor of English at Queen’s University. The Locks’ bought a house and have since worked out of their home, where they have turned their kitchen into a press room and two bedrooms into a studio and bindery. By 2001, they had printed eleven books, fourteen pamphlets, and twelve broadsides, most of them with illustrations by Margaret Lock. Though the Press ceased book publication after 2000, it continued to produce broadsides. In 2013, Locks’ Press ceased operations and Margaret and Fred Lock moved to England.

Margaret Lock was born in Hamilton in 1950 and graduated from McMaster University in Fine Art in 1972. She later studied printmaking at Goldsmiths College, University of London. Fred Lock was born in England in 1948 and moved to Canada in 1971 as a graduate student in the Department of English at McMaster. From 1974 to 1987 he taught in Australia, at the University of Queensland. Fred has a special interest in Latin, medieval and eighteenth-century English texts. He acts as editor and has also provided translations for about a third of the titles. Margaret designs the books and does the typesetting, illustrating in woodcuts, printing and binding. The type is handset, and printed one page at a time in a proofing press. The paper is hand-made, and the books are in small editions, bound by hand. The Locks’ aims are to publish literature before 1900, in order to reflect their personal interests and provide an opportunity for Margaret’s woodcut illustrations. Locks’ Press has been represented in many group and solo exhibitions, in Australia, Canada and the United States. The Locks have won awards for their excellence in the book arts.

McClelland and Stewart Ltd.

  • RC0051
  • Pessoa coletiva
  • 1907-

In April 1906 John McClelland and Frederick D. Goodchild left the Methodist Book and Publishing House and began a book supply company in Toronto. On 20 September 1907, McClelland and Goodchild was officially registered as a company. George Stewart joined the firm in 1913 while Goodchild left in 1918. The name of the company was changed to McClelland and Stewart. Jack McClelland, John McClelland's son, was the president of the company from 1952 to 1982. In 1982 he became chairman when Linda McKnight was elevated to president. In December 1985 McClelland and Stewart was rejuvenated when Avie Bennett, an asute businessman and an important supporter of Canadian culture and the arts, purchased the company and served as its President. Bennett soon hired Douglas M. Gibson as editor and publisher of a separate imprint, Douglas Gibson Books, appointing Adrienne Clarkson as Publisher, and promoting Ellen Seligman, who had joined the firm in 1977 as Senior Editor, to Editorial Director, Fiction.

In June 2000 Bennett donated 75% of the publishing arm of McClelland and Stewart to the University of Toronto. He sold the other 25% to Random House Canada. Avie Bennett became Chairman of the Board, Douglas Gibson became President and Publisher of McClelland & Stewart, while retaining his own imprint, and Ellen Seligman assumed the role of Publisher (Fiction) and Vice-President (later becoming Senior Vice-President). Returning to Canada from the Crown Publishing Group (a division of Random House, Inc.) in New York, Douglas Pepper assumed the position of President and Publisher of McClelland & Stewart in June 2000, while Gibson continued his position as the editor and publisher of Douglas Gibson Books. Pepper, while making many innovations has, along with Ellen Seligman on the fiction side, maintained the company's commitment to publish a vibrant and high-quality list. On the non-fiction side, Susan Renouf joined the company as Chief Operating Officer and Associate Publisher (non-fiction).

For a detailed history of the company up to 1994 as well the books published, see Carl Spadoni and Judy Donnelly, A Bibliography of McClelland and Stewart Imprints, 1909-1985: A Publisher's Legacy (1994).

Berton, Pierre

  • RC0052
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1920-2004

Pierre Francis de Marigny Berton, author, broadcaster and journalist, was born on 12 July 1920 in the Yukon territory, Canada, and was educated at Victoria College and the University of British Columbia. In 1942 he began his career in journalism at the Vancouver News-Herald. After World War II, he briefly wrote features for the Vancouver Sun, as well as beginning a radio career, before joining Maclean's in 1947. He served as managing editor from 1952 to 1958. He left Maclean's to join the Toronto Star as a columnist and associate editor. In 1962 he left the Star briefly for Maclean's and to launch a long career in television with both his own show and as a panelist on "Front Page Challenge".

Berton's books helped to popularize Canadian history for mass audiences. His Klondike: the Life and Death of the Last Great Goldrush (1958) won the Governor General's Award for non-fiction. Two other books by Berton have also won the Governor General's Award. Perhaps his most well-known books, among the many he has written, are his two books about the Canadian Pacific Railways, The National Dream (1970) and The Last Spike (1971). Berton was awarded several honorary degrees, was an officer of the Order of Canada, and chaired the Heritage Canada Foundation. He has published two volumes of autobiography, Starting Out, 1920-1947 (1987) and My Times: Living with History, 1947-1995 (1995). His later publications included Marching As To War (2001), Cats I Have Loved (2002), and his last book, Prisoners of the North (2004). Pierre Berton died on 30 November 2004, survived by his wife Janet.

Ogden, C. K. (Charles Kay)

  • RC0060
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1889-1957

English semiotician and founder of Basic English, C. K. Ogden can most accurately be described as a polymath. As a Cambridge undergraduate he was drawn to the study of language, and his passion was to be multifaceted, all consuming and lifelong. In 1909 he helped establish the Heretics, a society dedicated to the open discussion of religious matters; in 1910 he began to write for The Cambridge Magazine. The journal won notoriety under Ogden's editorship during the First World War when it avoided the jingoism which consumed most other publications of the time. Also by 1910 Ogden had begun the linguistic research which was to result in his best-known book, The Meaning of Meaning (1923), co-authored with I. A. Richards.

Basic English, the supposed solution to the problem of international misunderstanding to which Ogden was to dedicate the rest of his life, was first revealed in the pages of Ogden's new journal, Psyche in 1929. The effort to win acceptance for Basic English led to the foundation of the Orthological Institute and, as Churchill saw its potential during the Second World War, the establishment of the Basic English Foundation and endless wranglings with bureaucrats. Ogden was also the editor of the prestigious Library of Psychology, Philosophy and Scientific Method and maintained a voluminous correspondence with some of the most influential thinkers of his day. Additional biographical information is available in W. Terrence Gordon, *C. K. Ogden: A Biobibliographic Essay</I>, (Metuchen, New Jersey: 1990).

Ontario Union of Students

  • RC0061
  • Pessoa coletiva
  • [1964?]-1971

The Ontario Union of Students was affiliated with the Canadian Union of Students, which was known as the National Federation of Canadian University Students for most of its existence. The OUS was dissolved in 1971 because, like CUS, it could no longer maintain the allegiance of its affiliated universities.

Mowat, Claire

  • RC0075
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1933-

Claire Angel Wheeler Mowat, A.O.C.A., author and illustrator, was born in Toronto, Ont. on February 5, 1933. She was educated at Havergal College and the Ontario College of Art. She is married to the author Farley Mowat. In her early career, she worked as a graphic artist and travelled extensively. She has collaborated with her husband on research and illustrations for various books. Travels for these projects have included Siberia, Greenland, Iceland and the Canadian Arctic.

Over the years, the emphasis of her work has changed from the visual arts to writing. Claire Mowat is the author of The Outport People (1983), Pomp and Circumstances (1989), The Girl from Away (1992) and The French Isles (1994).

Fetherling, Doug

  • RC0085
  • Pessoa singular
  • 1949-

Doug Fetherling, author, journalist, and editor, was born on 23 April 1949 in West Virginia, although the date of his birth has also been reported as 1 January 1947. The son of a labour leader, he has travelled throughout the United States and Canada working at a number of seasonal jobs. He settled in Toronto in 1967. His first book of poetry The United States of Heaven was published in 1968. He has studied and worked in New York, London, Vancouver, Toronto, and Kingston, Ontario, writing for Saturday Night, The Globe Magazine, Toronto Star, and Canadian Forum. He currently commutes between Toronto and British Columbia and has been awarded the Harbourfront Festival Prize for his "substantial contribution to Canadian letters". In 2001 Fetherling changed his name to "George" to honour his father and has published one book A Biographical Dictionary of the Word's Assassins using that name.

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