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Bridges, Charles

  • RC0403
  • Personne
  • [19--]-

Charles Bridges served with the Royal Canadian Engineers in World War II. Bridges may have been born in England; there is one photograph of him as a toddler in Bury St. Edmonds, one photograph of him as a boy and one as a young man in 1937 before he joined the military.

Briffault, Robert

  • RC0290
  • Personne
  • 1876-1948

Robert Briffault was a novelist, social anthropologist, and surgeon. He was born in Nice, France in 1876, educated at the University of Dunedin and Christ Church University and began medical practice in 1901 in New Zealand. In May 1896 he married Anna Clarke; the couple had three children, Lister, Muriel, and Joan, born from 1897 to 1901. After service on the Western Front during World War I, he settled in England, his wife having died. In the late 1920s he married again, to Herma Hoyt (1898-1981), an American writer and translator, best known for her English translations of modern French literature. The Brifffaults became clients of the literary agent William Bradley and were befriended by his wife, Jenny. Briffault is the author of several books, including The Mothers (1927) and Europa (1935). He died in Hastings, Sussex, England on 11 December 1948.

British Commonwealth Air Training Program

  • RC0493
  • Collectivité
  • 1939-1944

The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan was an ambitious program to train air crew members in Canada for the Allied war effort. An agreement by Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand on 17 December 1939 set up the program. In addition to those nations, Norwegians, Belgians, Dutch, Czechs and the Free French were trained.

Brittain, Vera

  • RC0103
  • Personne
  • 1893-1970

Vera Brittain, writer, lecturer, pacifist, and feminist, was born on 29 December 1893 at Newcastle-under-Lyme. She went up to Somerville College, Oxford in 1914 but left to serve as a VAD in World War I. She returned to Oxford after the war where she became friends with Winifred Holtby, a budding novelist. She married George Catlin in 1925 and became the mother of two children. Her most well-known book is Testament of Youth (1933) about her experiences in World War I. During World War II she was a leading member of the Peace Pledge Union. She died in London on 29 March 1970.

Broadbent, Ronald

  • RC0610
  • Personne
  • [19--]-

Pte Ronald Broadbent served with the British 21st Army Group at the Number 8 General Hospital in Germany. He was certified as an Army Orderly in the Royal Army Medical Corps on 24 November 1938. He married Bessie Denham in 1944.

Brockhouse, B. N.

  • RC0176
  • Personne
  • 1918-2003

Bertram Neville Brockhouse was born 15 July 1918 in Lethbridge, Alberta. At an early age he moved with his family to Vancouver. After graduating from high school in 1935, he worked as a laboratory assistant, and then as a self-employed radio repairman, both in Vancouver and Chicago. He spent the war years in the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve-Active Duty, and he then attended the University of British Columbia, from which he graduated in 1947 with first-class honours in mathematics and physics. He entered the University of Toronto that same year. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1950, with a thesis titled "The Effect of Stress and Temperature upon the Magnetic Properties of Ferromagnetic Materials".

In July 1950, Brockhouse joined the staff of the Atomic Energy Project of the National Research Council of Canada, later to become Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL), at the Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories. Over the next eight years Brockhouse, as a Research Officer, developed the equipment and theory which resulted in the installation of the famous C5 triple-axis spectrometer at the NRU reactor. This machine remained in use for more than 20 years and was an important training ground for many present day triple-axis spectrometrists. From 1960 to 1962 he was the Branch Head of Neutron Physics.

Brockhouse was persuaded to come to McMaster University in 1962 with the opportunity to build his own group of graduate students and post-doctoral fellows and work at the University's new nuclear reactor. Brockhouse served as the Chair of Physics from 1967-1970. He is the author of many scientific papers and review articles, mainly in solid state, liquid state and neutron physics. He retired in 1984 and died on 13 October 2003. He received many honours over the years, culminating in the award with Clifford G. Shull of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1994 for their studies of solids and liquids by neutron scattering. Their citation by the Swedish academy read in part: "Clifford Shull helped answer the question of where atoms 'are' and Bertram N. Brockhouse the question of what atoms 'do'".

Bromley, Mrs.

  • RC0595
  • Personne
  • [18--]-[19--]

Mrs. Bromley's husband served with Canadian forces in France during World War I. She received a letter from Sister E.B. Burpee, No. 1 Canadian General Hospital in France, 5 August 1917, informing her that her husband has "absorbed some of this terrible gas poison" and that he is seriously ill.

Brott, Boris.

  • RC0118
  • Personne
  • 1944-

Boris Brott, conductor, violinist, and producer, was born in Montreal on 14 Mar 1944, the son of renowned conductor and composer Alexander Brott and cellist Lotte (Goetzel) Brott. He studied violin with his father and performed at the age of five with the orchestra of the Les Concerts symphoniques de Montréal (Montreal Symphony Orchestra). He studied at the Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Montréal and the McGill Conservatory. In 1959 he founded the Philharmonic Youth Orchestra of Montreal and led it in his conducting debut in that city. His first international success came in June 1962, when he won third prize at the Liverpool Competition.

Brott has held the following positions:
1963-1965 Assistant conductor to Walter Susskind with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra
1964-1968 First conductor of the Northern Sinfonia at Newcastle-on-Tyne.
1964-1967 Principal conductor for the touring company of the Royal Ballet Covent Garden.
1968-1969 Assistant conductor to Leonard Bernstein with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.
1967-1972 Directed >Lakehead Symphony Orchestra
1971-1973 Directed Regina Symphony Orchestra
1969-1990 Artistic director and conductor of the Hamilton Philharmonic Orchestra; under his leadership the orchestra grew from an amateur ensemble to a professional one with a 42-week season and 16,000 subscribers.
1972 Appointed conductor of the BBC Welsh Orchestra
1975 Assumed directorship of the CBC Winnipeg Orchestra
1982 to 1985 Artistic director and conductor of Symphony Nova Scotia
1983-1991 Led the Ontario Place Pops Orchestra
1987-1989 National president of the Youth and Music Canada (Jeunesses musicales du Canada)
1988 Founded (with his wife, author and attorney Ardyth Webster Brott) the Boris Brott Summer Music Festival in Hamilton
1989 Appointed associate director of Alexander Brott’s McGill Chamber Orchestra
1989 Founded the National Academy Orchestra of Canada, a mentor-apprentice program.
1995 Appointed music director of the New West Symphony, California
2002 Assumed leadership of McGill Chamber Orchestra
2004 Appointed principal conductor of youth and education concerts for the National Arts Centre

In addition, Brott has been guest conductor of symphonies and opera companies throughout Canada, Europe, the U.S., Israel, central and South America, Japan and Korea. Brott has produced, conducted, or hosted a large number of television and radio programs for the CBC, and the BBC and ITV in the UK, and recorded with various orchestras for CBC, Mercury, Pro-Arte and Sony Classical. In 1986 he was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada, and received an American Music Award. In 1988 he received an honorary doctorate from McMaster University. He was named Knight of Malta (1990), International Man of the Year (Cambridge, England, 1992), and Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts of Great Britain (1996). In 2000, he conducted the Vatican premiere of Leonard Bernstein's controversial Mass before Pope John Paul II.

Brown, J. Barry

  • RC0081
  • Personne
  • 1885-1972

Barry Brown was an Irish book collector.

Brown, Lorne (Lorne A.)

  • RC0057
  • Personne
  • 1939-

Lorne A. Brown, who taught political science at the University of Regina in the 1980s, was active in the Central America Solidarity Movement. He was also a member of the Central America Working Group in Regina. In 1986 he decided to edit an anthology, assisted by Janice Acton and Miaja Kagis, to reflect the experiences of “Canadians who have worked in, travelled to, observed or been associated with developments in several Central American countries”, with an emphasis on Nicaragua. To accomplish this task, he contacted Canadian “solidarity activists in trade unions, the National Farmer’s Union, churches, teachers’ association” and other groups, including Tools for Peace. Although the anthology was never published, many activists were interviewed.

Browne, John Gilbert

  • RC0395
  • Personne
  • 1878-1968

John Gilbert Browne was born in 1878, educated at Wellington College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and was commissioned in the 14th King’s Hussars in 1899. He saw action with his regiment during the South African War, 1900-1902, and was awarded the Queen’s South African Medal and the King’s South African Medal. Between 1906 and 1911 he was seconded for service with the West African Frontier Force in Northern Nigeria. By 1914 he had attained the rank of Major and that year attended a course at the Staff College, Camberley.

At the outbreak of war the College closed and in accordance with the British Army’s mobilization plans the majority of the officer students were immediately appointed to various Staff posts with the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). Browne was appointed Military Landing Officer (MLO) on the staff of the Commandant of No. 3 Base in France at the port of Boulogne. In collaboration with the Royal Navy’s Deputy Naval Transport Officer, Browne’s duties were to oversee the disembarkation of the BEF’s troops and the landing of their stores, equipment, horses, transport, and ammunition in accordance with detailed printed instructions and complex ship and railway timetables that had been prepared before the war.

Having completed his duties as MLO by early September 1914 Browne was assigned to the staff of General H.I.W. Hamilton, commanding the 3rd Division, “partly as an extra a.d.c., partly [for] G[eneral Staff] and party Q[uartermaster-General Staff] work”. On 10 October he was appointed as GSO2 [General Staff Officer, 2nd Grade] on the staff of the newly formed Cavalry Corps, commanded by Lt.-General E.H.H. Allenby, where he remained until the end of the month when he was recalled to England.

Browne did not serve in France or Flanders again, taking up various appointments and commands in England until 1916 and then serving overseas as an officer with the Middle East and Egyptian Expeditionary Forces until the end of the war. In peacetime he commanded his own regiment (by then amalgamated and renamed the 14/20th King’s Hussars) between 1921 and 1925 and from 1925 until he retired in 1933, he served in the Middle East commanding the Iraq Levies. His History of the Iraq Levies was published in 1932, as was the History of the 14th King’s Hussars, 1900-1922, of which he was co-author. During the Second World War he served in both the Home Guard and the Civil Defence. Brigadier-General Browne died on 12 February 1968.

Buck, Tim

  • RC0724
  • Personne
  • 1891-1973

Tim Buck, machinist, trade unionist, and communist, was born on 6 January 1891 in Beccles, England. He immigrated to Canada in 1910. He was a founding member of the Communist Party of Canada in 1921 and became its general secretary in 1929, a position he held for 32 years. He spent two years in jail, 1932-1934, after the party was banned. He reorganized it as the Labor-Progressive Party in 1943. He stood for election in three federal election campaigns. He published many articles, pamphlets and books. See A Select Bibliography of Tim Buck. He died in Cuernavaca, Mexico on 11 March 1973.

Buonamici, Giuseppe

  • RC0200
  • Personne
  • 1846-1914

Guiseppe Buonamici was an Italian pianist, teacher, and editor, born in Florence in 1846. He died there in 1914. He studied first with his uncle, Ceccherini and completed his studies with Hans von Bülow and Joseph Rheinberger at the Munich Conservatory (1868-1870), where was he was then appointed professor.

Burgess, Anthony

  • RC0231
  • Personne
  • 1917-1993

Anthony Burgess, novelist, critic, and composer, was born John Anthony Burgess Wilson on 25 February 1917 in Manchester. He was educated at the University of Manchester. His A Clockwork Orange was published in 1962 and made into a film by Stanley Kubrick in 1971. He died in November 1993 in London, England.

Burkholder, Mabel

  • RC0246
  • Personne
  • 1881-1973

Mabel Grace Burkholder was a local Hamilton historian who wrote a column, "Out of the Storied Past", for the Hamilton Spectator as well as published poems, books, and short stories about Hamilton.

Burniston, Bill

  • RC0040
  • Personne
  • 1920-

William Joseph "Bill" Burniston was born in Wentworth County on 28 September 1920. He was hired to work at the Steel Company of Canada 20" Mill, Ontario Works in Hamilton, Ont. on 28 January 1941. One of his earlier jobs was as a mill hand catcher. He received postponements from military training during World War II because of his employment at Stelco. He married Virginia Wells on 20 February 1943 and the couple had one child, a daughter Tracey, in 1958. The Burnistons lived in Dundas, Ont., and also had a cottage at Turkey Point. If he worked until age 65, he would have retired in 1985. It is possible he took early retirement. Mr. Burniston's death date is not known.

Bill Burniston was an active member of Local 1005. His positions with the local included:

Executive Officer; Chairman and Secretary, Compensation, Safety and Health Committee; Chairman, Pensions, Welfare and Insurance Committee; Chairman and Secretary, Unemployment Insurance Committee; Chief Steward, 20" Mill, Ontario Works; Chairman, Div. 2 Grievance Committee; Chairman, Entertainment Committee; Chairman, Labour Day Committee.

He was also the Secretary of the Steelworkers Social Club of Hamilton which was incorporated in letters patent issued by the Government of Ontario in October 1947. The Club's affairs were legally wound up in 1962. Bill Burniston also contributed articles to Steel Shots.

Butler, Juan

  • RC0596
  • Personne
  • 1942-1981

Juan Butler, 1942–1981, was a Canadian writer who was born in London, England and emigrated to Canada when he was 5. His three novels are Cabbagetown Diary: A Documentary (1970), The Garbageman (1972), and Canadian Healing Oil (1974).

Bülow, Hans von

  • RC01725
  • Personne
  • 1830-1894

Hans von Bülow, conductor and pianist, was born in Dresden, Germany on 8 January 1830. He studied both music and law, the latter in Leipzig. In 1851 he gave up law and went to Weimar to study piano under Franz Liszt (1811-1866). He married Liszt's daughter Cosima in 1857. Von Bülow toured as a pianist and also taught at the Stern and Marx conservatories in Berlin. In 1864 he became the conductor of the Court Opera in Munich, followed in 1867 by his appointment as director of the music conservatory there. From 1850-1855 he was Hoftmusikdirektor to the Duke of Meiningen. Von Bülow also composed some piano works and orchestral music. He died in Cairo on 12 February 1894.

Caiger family

  • RC0384
  • Famille
  • 1889-

Percy Thomas Caiger was born on 3 November 1889 and entered the Post Office as a boy clerk in 1905. He became a career Civil Servant, retiring as Staff Officer with the Ministry of Food in 1947. During World War I he served as a Sergeant with the 60th (London) Divisional Cyclist Co. He was a founding member and Hon. Secretary of the Old Comrades' Association. He died on 27 February 1953.

L/Cpl. Eric Caiger served in the Royal Suffolk Regiment of Great Britain during World War II.

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