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Aaron Copland, composer, writer, pianist, conductor, and teacher was born in Brooklyn, New York on 14 November 1900. He graduated from the Boys' High School in 1918. He studied piano with Leopold Wolfsohn, Victor Wittgenstein, and Clarence Adler and also studied composition with Rubin Goldmark from 1917-1921. He then went to France to study with Nadia Boulanger at the Fontainbleau School of Music, 1921-1924.
He wrote in many disciplines, including ballets, orchestral, chamber, choral and keyboard music, and operas. He is most well known for his ballets: Billy the Kid (1938); Rodeo (1942); and Appalachian Spring (1943-4). He died in North Tarrytown, New York, on 2 December 1990.